Promoting Women’s Employment, Income and Livelihood Opportunities

1. Expansion and scaling up of interventions promoting economic opportunities for women are needed to increase their ability to refuse unsafe sex and reduce stigma for women living with HIV. Studies found that lack of income, food and jobs forced women to sell sex to survive, placing them at risk of HIV acquisition.

Gap noted, for example, in Uganda (Miller et al., 2011b); Haiti (Fawzi et al., 2010); Vietnam (Phinney, 2008); Brazil (Hebling and Guimaraes, 2004); Serbia (Bernays et al., 2010) and South Africa (Susser and Stein, 2000).

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