Kaai, S., S. Bullock, A. Sarna, M. Chersich, S. Luchters, S. Geibel, P. Munyao, K. Mandaliya, M. Temmerman and N. Rutenberg. 2010. “Perceived Stigma among Patients Receiving Antiretroviral Treatment: A Prospective Randomised Trial comparing an M-DOT Strategy with Standard-of-care in Kenya.” Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance 7 (2): 62-70.
Kabali, C., C. von Reyn, D. Brooks, R. Waddell, L. Mtei, M. Bakari, M. Matee, K. Pallangyo, R. Arbeit, and C. Horsburgh Jr. 2011. “Completion of Isoniazid Preventive Therapy and Survival in HIV-Infected, TST-Positive Adults in Tanzania.” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 15 (11): 1515 – 1521.
Kachipapa, E., C. Mphande, C. Potani, V. Kayoyo, B. Maseko, P. Mawindo, M. Kadiwa, T. Mvalo, J. Chibwe, I. Hoffman, M. Hoseinipour and F. Martinson. 2008. “Uptake of Family Planning among Malawian Women Participating in HIV Related Research Studies.” Abstract TUPE0224. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kacwamu, R. 2008. "Engendering Linked Response to HIV and Reproductive Health Concerns of Young People." Abstract WEPE0853. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kafulafula, G., D. Hoover, T. Taha, M. Thigpen, Q. Li, M. Fowler, N. Kumwenda, K. Nkanaunena, L. Mipando and L. Mofenson. 2010. “Frequency of Gastroenteritis and Gastroenteritis-Associated Mortality with Early Weaning in HIV-1-Uninfected Children born to HIV-Infected Women in Malawi.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 53 (1): 6-13.
Kagaayi, J., M. Dreyfuss, G. Kigozi, M. Chen, F. Wabwire-Mangen, D. Serwadda, M. Wawer, N. Sewankambo, F. Nalugoda, N. Kiwanuka, M. Kiddugavu and R. Gray. 2005. “Maternal Self-medication and Provision of Nevirapine to Newborns by Women in Rakai, Uganda.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes39(1): 121-124.
Kagaayi, J., R. Gray, H. Brahmbhatt, G. Kigozi, F. Nalugoda, F. Wabwire-Mangen, D. Serwadda, N. Sewankambo, V. Ddungu, D. Ssebagala, J. Sekasanvu, G. Kigozi, F. Makumbi, N. Kiwanuka, T. Lutalo, S. Reynolds and M. Wawer. 2008. “Survival of Infants Born to HIV-Positive Mothers, by Feeding Modality, in Rakai, Uganda.” PLoS ONE 3 (12): e3877.
Kagee, A. and L. Martin. 2010. “Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety among a Sample of South African Patients Living with HIV.” AIDS Care 22 (2): 159-165.
Kagee, A., R. Remien, A. Berkman, S. Hoffman, L. Campos and L. Swartz. 2011. “Structural Barriers to ART Adherence in Southern Africa: Challenges and Potential Ways Forward.” Global Public Health 6(1): 83-97.
Kaharuza, F., R. Bunnell, S. Moss, D. Purcell, W. Bikaako-Kajura, N. Wamai, R. Downing, P. Solberg, A. Coutinho and J. Mermin. 2006. “Depression and CD4 Cell Count among Persons Living with HIV Infection in Uganda.” AIDS & Behavior 10 (4 Supplement): S105-S111.
Kahesa, C., J. Mwaiselage, H. Wabinga, T. Ngoma, J. Kalyango and C. Karamagi. 2008. “Association Between Invasive Cancer of the Cervix and HIV-1 Infection in Tanzania: The Need for Dual Screening.” BMC Public Health 8: 262.
Kaida, A., F. Laher, S. Strathdee, D. Money, P. Jannsen, R. Hogg and G. Gray. 2010. “Contraceptive Use and Method Preference among Women in Soweto, South Africa: The Influence of Expanding Access to HIV Care and Treatment Services.” PLoS One 5 (11): e13868.
Kaida, A., F. Laher, S. Strathdee, P. Janssen, D. Money, R. Hogg and G. Gray. 2011. “Childbearing Intentions of HIV-Positive Women of Reproductive Age in Soweto, South Africa: The Influence of Expanding Access to HAART in an HIV Hyperendemic Setting.” American Journal of Public Health 101 (2): 350-358.
Kaida, A., G. Gray, F. Bastos, I. Andia, M. Maier, J. McIntyre, B. Brinszstein, S. Strathdee, D. Bangsberg and R. Hogg. 2008. “The Relationship between HAART Use and Sexual Activity among HIV-positive Women of Reproductive Age in Brazil, South Africa and Uganda.” AIDS Care 20 (1): 21-25.
Kairania, R., R. Gray, N. Kiwanuka, F. Makumbi, N. Sewankambo, D. Serwadda, F. Nalugoda, G. Kigozi, J. Semanda and M. Wawer. 2010. “Disclosure of HIV Results among Discordant Couples in Rakai, Uganda: A Facilitated Couple Counselling Approach.” AIDS Care 22 (9): 1041-1051.
Kaiser, R., R. Bunnell, A. Hightower, A. Kim, P. Cherutich, M. Mwangi, T. Oluoch, S. Dadabhai, P. Mureithi, N. Mugo and J. Mermin for the KAIS Study Group. 2011. “Factors associated with HIV Infection in Married or Cohabitating Couples in Kenya: Results for a Nationally Representative Study.” PLoS ONE 6 (3): e17842.
Kajawu, L., C. Marufu, R. Sabumba, N. Printz and E. Hasselberg. 2008. “Applying Existing Distribution Strategies in Family Planning Improves Stock Availability of HIV Test Kits and PMTCT Nevirapine in Zimbabwe.” Abstract WEPE0065. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kajubi, P., E. Green, E. Hudes, M. Kamya, A. Ruark and N. Hearst. 2011. “Multiple Sexual Partners among Poor Urban Dwellers in Kampala, Uganda.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 57 (2): 153-156.
Kakimoto, K., K. Kanal, Y. Mukoyama, T.V. Chheng, T.L. Chou, C. Sedtha. 2007. “Influence of the Involvement of Partners in the Mother Class with Voluntary Confidential Counselling and Testing Acceptance for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV Programme (PMTCT Programme) in Cambodia.” AIDS Care 19 (3): 381-384.
Kakute, P., J. Ngum, P. Mitchell, K. Kroll, G. Foregwie, L. Ngwang and D. Meyer. 2005. “Cultural Barriers to Exclusive Breastfeeding by Mothers in a Rural Area of Cameroon, Africa.” Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health 50 (4): 324-328.
Kaldor, J. and D. Wilson. 2010. “How Low Can You Go: The Impact of a Modestly Effective HIV Vaccine compared with Male Circumcision.” AIDS 24: 2573-2578.
Kali, P., G. Gray, A. Violari, R. Chaisson, J. McIntyre and N. Martinson. 2006. “Combining PMTCT with Active Case Finding for Tuberculosis.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 42: 379-381.
Kalichman, K., L. Simbayi, R. Vermaak, D. Cain, G. Smith, J. Mthebu and S. Jooste. 2008. “Randomized Trial of a Community-based Alcohol-related HIV Risk-reduction Intervention for Men and Women in Cape Town South Africa.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine 36 (3): 270-279.
Kalichman, S. and L. Simbayi. 2004. “Sexual Assault History and Risks for Sexually Transmitted Infections among Women in an African Township in Cape Town, South Africa.” AIDS Care16 (6): 681-689.
Kalichman, S., C. Cherry, C. Amaral, C. Swetzes, L. Eaton, R. Macy, T. Grebler and M. Kalichman. 2010. "Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy and HIV Transmission Risks: Implications for Test-and-Treat Approaches to HIV Prevention." AIDS Patient Care STDS 24 (5): 271-277.
Kalichman, S., D. Rompa and M. Cage. 2005. “Group Intervention to Reduce HIV Transmission Risk Behavior among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS.” Behavior Modification29 (2): 256-285.
Kalichman, S., L. Simbayi, A. Cloete, M. Clayford, W. Arnolds, M. Mxoli, G. Smith, C. Cherry, T. Shefer, M. Crawrod and M. Kalichman. 2009. “Integrated Gender-based Violence and HIV Risk Reduction Intervention for South African Men: Results of a Quasi-experimental Field Trial.” Prevention Science 10 (3): 260-269.
Kalichman, S., L. Simbayi, M. Kaufman, D. Cain and S. Jooste. 2007. “Alcohol Use and Sexual Risks for HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Systematic Reviews of Empirical Findings.” Prevention Science 8 (2): 141-151.
Kalla, K. and J. Cohen. 2007. Ensuring Justice for Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: A Review of AIDS-related Legal Services. New York, NY: Open Society Institute. www.soros.org
Kalloch, S., W. Ngabilrwe, N. Musoba, B. Pharm, P. Babirukamu Kumunji, E. Bancroft, E. Rutebemberwa and A. Mutebi. 2008. “Essential Drug Stock-out Research in Uganda: Health Workers and Communities Coming Together to Track Health Sector Progress and Accountability.” Abstract TUPE1082. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kalou, M. 2012. Personal communication. Review comments. May.
Kamenga, C., G. Sangiwa, S. Kaliba, E. van Praag, and T. Coates. 2001. “Voluntary HIV Counseling and Testing in Tanzania,” in FHI/UNAIDS Best Practices in HIV/AIDS Prevention, edited by B. Makinwa and M. O’Grady. Arlington, VA: Family Health International and Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS. www.fhi.org
Kamya, M., A. Gsasira, A. Yeka, N. Bakyaita, S. Nsyobya, D. Francis, P. Rosenthal, G. Dorsey and D. Havlir. 2006. “Effect of HIV-1 Infection on Antimalarial Treatment Outcomes in Uganda: A Population-based Study.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 193: 9-15.
Kancheva Landolt, N. S. Lakhonphon and J. Ananworanich. 2011. “Contraception in HIV-Positive Female Adolescents.” AIDS Research and Therapy 8: 19.
Kandwal, R., E.-W. Augustijn, A. Stein, G. Miscione, P. Garg and R. Garg. 2010. “Geospatial Analysis of HIV-related Stigma: A Study of Tested Females across Mandals of Andhra Pradesh in India.” International Journal of Health Geographics 9 (18): 8.
Kanesathasan, A., J. McCleary-Sills, M. Vujovic, J. Brakarsh, K. Dlamini, E. Namisango, R. Nasaba and K. Fritz. 2011. Equipping Parents and Health Providers to Address the Psychological and Social Challenges of Caring for Children Living with HIV in Africa. Arlington, VA: AIDSTAR-One. www.aidstar-one.com
Kang, M., M. Dunbar, S. Laver, and N. Padian. 2008. “Maternal versus Paternal Orphans and HIV/STI Risk among Adolescent Girls in Zimbabwe.” AIDS Care 20 (2): 214-217.
Kanniappan, S., M. Jeyapaul and S. Kalyanwala. 2008. “Desire for Motherhood: Exploring HIV-positive Women’s Desires, Intentions and Decision-making in Attaining Motherhood.” AIDS Care 20 (6): 625-630.
Kanslime, E., F. Kagwire, E. Ssemafumu, T. Takenzire and M. Makumbi. 2008. “Involvment of People Living with HIV/AIDS in the Provision of HIV Counseling and Testing Services to the Internally Displaced People of Northern Uganda.” Abstract TUPE0411. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kantarci, S., I. Koulinska, S. Aboud, W. Fawzi and E. Villamor. 2007. “Subclinical Mastitis, Cell-Associated HIV-1 Shedding in Breast Milk, and Breast-Feeding Transmission of HIV-1.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 46 (5): 651-654.
Kanyamurwa, J. and G. Ampek. 2007. “Gender Differentiation in Community Responses to AIDS in Rural Uganda.” AIDS Care 19 (Supplement 1): S64-72.
Kapiga, S., E. Lyamuya, G. Lwihula and D. Hunter 1998. “The Incidence of HIV Infection among Women Using Family Planning Methods in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania.” AIDS 12 (1): 75-84.
Kapito-Tempo, A., S. Meshnick, M. Boel van Hensbroek, K. Phiri, M. Fitzgerald, and V. Mwapasa. 2011. “Marked Reduction in Prevalence of Malaria Parasitemia and Anemia in HIV-Infected Pregnant Women Taking Cotrimoxazole With or Without Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine Intermittent Preventative Therapy during Pregnancy in Malawi.” Journal of Infectious Diseases 203: 464-472 .
Kapogiannis, B., E. Handelsman, M. Ruiz and S. Lee. 2010. “Introduction: Paving the Way for Biomedical HIV Prevention Interventions in Youth.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 54 (Supplement 1): S1-S4.
Kaponda, C., K. Norr, K. Crittenden, J. Norr, L. McCreary, S. Kachingwe, M. Mbeba, D. Jere and B. Dancy. 2011. “Peer Group Intervention, Demographic Factors, and Safer Sex Related Attitudes and Behaviors for Rural Adolescents in Malawi.” Health Education & Behavior 38 (2): 159-170.
Kaponda, C., S. Kachingwe, B. Dancy, K. Norr and K. Crittenden. 2008. “Peer Group Intervention, Demographic Factors, and Safer Sex Related Attitudes and Behaviors for Rural Adolesccents in Malawi.” Abstract WEPE0495. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Karagopolova, I., G. Kurimanova, K. Mahnicheva and A. Marisaidova. 2008. “Assessment of Availibility, Accessbility and Acceptability of Services on PLHIV Treatment, Care and Support, Provided by AIDS-related Service Organizations in the City of Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic, Based on PLHIV Needs.” Abstract MOPE0657. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Karamagi, C., J. Tumwine, T. Tylleskar and K. Heggenhougen. 2006. “Intimate Partner Violence against Women in Eastern Uganda: Implications for HIV Prevention.” BMC Public Health 6: 284.
Karandikar, S. and M. Prospero. 2010. “From Client to Pimp: Male Violence against Female Sex Workers.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence 25 (2): 257-273.
Karau, P., M. Winnie, M. Geoffrey and M. Mwenda. 2010. “Responsiveness to HIV Education and VCT Services among Kenyan Rural Women: A Community Based Survey.” African Journal of Reproductive Health 14 (3): 165-169
Karema, C. 2009. “Congressional Briefing World Malaria Day Fighting and Winning against Malaria in Rwanda and Worldwide.” Presentation by Dr. Karema, Coordinator, National Malaria Control Program, Rwanda in Washington, DC. April 23.
Karim, F., F. Ahmed, I. Begum, E. Johansson, and V. Diwan. 2008. “Female-male Differences at Various Clinical Steps of Tuberculosis Management in Rural Bangladesh.” International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease 12 (11): 1336-1339.
Karnataka Sexual Minorities Forum. 2011. Chasing Numbers, Betraying People: Relooking at HIV Related Services in Karnataka. Hubli, India: Karnataka Sexual Minorities Forum. www.ksmf.in
Karnell, A.P., P.K. Cupp, R.S. Zimmerman, S. Feist-Price, T. Bennie. 2006. “Efficacy of an American Alcohol and HIV Prevention Curriculum Adapted for Use in South Africa: Results of a Pilot Study in Five Township Schools.” AIDS Education and Prevention 18(4): 295-310.
Karp, G., F. Schlaeffer, A. Jotkowitz and K. Riesenberg. 2009. “Syphilis and HIV Co-infection.” European Journal of Internal Medicine 20: 9-13.
Karpushkinal, A., N.Vartapetoval, A.Fullem and M.L. Mantz. 2008. “Prevalence of STI and Viral Hepatitis among HIV-Positive Women Attending Health Facilities to Give Birth or Abort Pregnancy in Russia.” Abstract MOPE0363. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kasenga, F., P. Byass, M. Emmelin and A. Hurtig. 2009. “The Implications of Policy Changes on the Uptake of a PMTCT Programme in Rural Malawi: First Three Years of Experience.” Global Health Action 23: 2.
Kasente, D. 2003. "Gender and Education in Uganda.” Background paper prepared for the Education for All Global Monitoring Report 2003/04 Gender and Education for All: The Leap to Equality. Paris, France: UNESCO. unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0014/001467/146790e.pdf
Kasi, H. 2008. “SMS Project: A Small Effort Increased HIV/AIDS Awareness for Thousands of People in Quetta, Pakistan.” Abstract WEPO0396. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kasonka, L., M. Makasa, T. Marshall, M. Chisenga, M. Sinkala, C. Chintu, C. Kaseba, F. Kasolo, R. Gitau, A. Tomkins, S. Murray and S. Fiteau. 2006. “Risk Factors for Subclinical Mastitis among HIV-infected and Uninfected Women in Lusaka, Zambia.” Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 20: 379-391.
Kasprzyk, D., S. Cassels, D. Montano, M. Morris and A. Greek. 2008. “Partner Concurrency and Implications for Behavior Change Strategy in Zimbabwe.” Abstract TUAC0405. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kassu, A., A. Mekonnen, A. Bekele, N. Abseno, E. Melese, F. Moges, Y. Wondmikun and F. Ota. 2004. “HIV and Syphilis Infection among Elderly People in Northwest Ethiopia.” Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases 57 (6): 264-267.
Kathewera-Banda, M., F. Gomile-Chidyaonga, S. Hendriks, T. Kachika, Z. Mitole and S. White. 2006. “Sexual Violence and Women’s Vulnerability to HIV Transmission in Malawi: A Rights Issue.” International Social Science Journal 57 (186): 649-660.
Kato, M., R. Granich, H. Tran Vu, P. Nadol, K. Sabin and B. Williams. 2012. “Modeling Potential Impact of Expanding Access to ART and Other Preventions Interventions on the Concentrated HIV Epidemic: Vietnam.” Poster Abstract 1114. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Katsidzira, L. and J. Hakim. 2011. “HIV Prevention in Southern Africa: Why We Must Reassess Our Strategies?” Tropical Medicine and International Health 16 (9): 1120-1130.
Katz, D., J. Kiarie, G. John-Stewart, B. Richardson, F. John and C. Faraquhar. 2009. “HIV Testing Men in the Antenatal Setting: Understanding Male Non-Disclosure.” International Journal of STD & AIDS 20 (11): 765-767.
Katz, I. and D. Low-Beer. 2008. “Why has HIV Stabilized in South Africa, Yet Not Declined Further? Age and Sexual Behavior Patterns Among Youth.” Sexually Transmitted Diseases 35 (10): 837-842.
Katz, I., T. Essien, E. Marinda, G. Gray, D. Bangsberg, N. Martinson and G. De Bruyn. 2011. “Antiretroviral Therapy Refusal among Newly Diagnosed HIV-infected Adults.” AIDS 25: 2177-2181.
Kaufman, C., S. Clark, N. Manzini and J. May. 2002. How Community Structures of Time and Opportunity Shape Adolescent Sexual Behavior in South Africa. New York, NY: Population Council.
Kaufmann, F., L. Elzi, R. Weber, H. Furrer, S. Giulieri, P. Vernazza, E. Bernasconi, B. Hirschel and M. Battegay, the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. 2011. “Interruptions of cART Limits CD4 T-Cell Recovery and Increases the Risk for Opportunistic Complications and Death.”AIDS 25:441-451.
Kawichai, S., D. Celentano, S. Chariyalersak, S. Visrutaratana, O. Short, C. Ruangyuttikarn, C. Chariyalertsak, B. Genberg and C. Beyrer. 2007. “Community-based Voluntary Counseling and Testing Services in Rural Communities of Chiang Mai Province, Northern Thailand.” AIDS Behavior 11: 770-777.
Kawichai, S., S. Chariyalertsak, K. Srithanaviboonchai, S. Visrutaratna, B. Genberg, K. Panchereon, M. Wichajarn, C. Chariyalertsak and D. Celentano. 2008. “HIV/AIDS Community Mobilization (CM) and Mobile HIV Voluntary Counseling and Testing (MVCT) Utilization in Rural Thailand.” Abstract WEAC0105. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kayiki, S. and R. Forste. 2011. “HIV/AIDS Related Knowledge and Perceived Risk Associated with Condom Use among Adolescents in Uganda.” African Journal of Reproductive Health 15 (1): 57- 64.
Kebaabetswe, P. 2007. “Barriers to Participation in the Prevention of Mother-to-child HIV Transmission Program in Gabarone, Botswana a Qualitative Approach.” AIDS Care 19 (3): 355-360.
Kebede D., A. Alem, G. Mitike, F. Enquselassie, F. Berhane, Y. Abebe, R. Ayele, W. Lemma, T. Assefa, T. Gebremichael. 2005. “Khat and Alcohol Use and Risky Sex Behavior among In-school and Out-of-school Youth in Ethiopia.” BMC Public Health 5:109.
Keesbury, J. and I. Askew. 2010. Comprehensive Response to Gender Based Violence in Low-resource Settings: Lessons from Implementation. Lusaka, Zambia: Population Council.
Kehler, J. 2010. “South Africa.” AIDS Vaccine Advocacy Coalition (AVAC), ATHENA Network, AIDS Legal Network, Health Rights Action Group, Mama’s Club, Namibia Women’s Health Network, Swaziland for Positive Living, and Women Fighting AIDS in Kenya. 2010. Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women. www.avac.org, www.athenanetwork.org, www.aln.org.za, www.hag.or.ug, www.nhwn.wordpress.com, www.swapol.net, www.wofak.or.ke
Keiffer, M., M. Mahdi, A. Waligo, C. Chouraya and B. Nhabatsi. 2008. “High Levels of Seroconversion among Pregnant Women in Swaziland.” Abstract MOPE0508. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Keiser, O., A. Gayet-Ageron, C. Rudin, M. Brinkhof, E. Gremlich, D. Wunder, G. Drack, B. Hirschel, B. Martinez de Tejada, the Swiss HIV Cohort Study (SHCS) and the Swiss Mother & Child HIV Cohort Study (MoCHiV). 2008. “Antiretroviral Treatment During Pregnancy.” AIDS22: 2323-2330.
Kella, K. and J. Cohen. 2007. Ensuring Justice for Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: A Review of HIV and AIDS-related Legal Services. New York: Open Society Institute. www.soros.org
Kellerman, S. and S. Essajee. 2010. “HIV Testing for Children in Resource-limited Settings: What Are We Waiting For?” PLoS Medicine 7 (7): e1000285.
Kelley, A., E. Karita, P. Sullivan, F. Katangulia, E. Chomba, M. Carael, J. Telfair, S. Dunham, D. Vwalika, M. Kautzman, K. Wall and S. Allen. 2011. “Knowledge and Perceptions of Couples’ Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Urban Rwanda and Zambia: A Cross-Sectional Household Study.” PLoS ONE 6 (5): e19573.
Kelly, J., S. Morin, R. Remien, W. Steward, J. Higgins, D. Seal, R. Dubrow, J. Atkinson, P. Kerndt, S. Pinkerton, K. Mayer and K. Sikkema. 2009. "Lessons Learned about Behavioral Science and Acute/Early HIV Infection. The NIMH Multisite Acute HIV Infection Study: V." AIDS & Behavior 13 (6): 1068-1074.
Kembo, J. 2010. “Social and Economic Consequences of HIV and AIDS on Children: Case Studies of a High Density Community in Harare, Zimbabwe.” Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance 7 (4): 39-46.
Kendall, T. and B. Pelcastre. 2010. “HIV Vulnerability and Condom Use among Migrant Women Factory Workers in Puebla, Mexico.” Health Care for Women International 31 (6): 515-532.
Kendall, T. and H. Perez-Vazquez. 2008. “Mexican Women Living with HIV Defend their Reproductive Rights.” Abstract TUPE0912. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kennedy, C., A. Medley, M. Sweat and K. O’Reilly. 2010b. “Behavioural Interventions for HIV Positive Prevention in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 88: 615-623.
Kennedy, C., A. Spaulding, D. Brickley, L. Almers, J. Mirjahangir, L. Packel, G. Kennedy, M. Mbizvo, L. Collins and K. Osborne. 2010a. “Linking Sexual and Reproductive Health and HIV Interventions: A Systematic Review.” Journal of International AIDS Society 13: 26.
Kennedy, C., K. O'Reilly, A. Medley, M. Sweat. 2007. “The Impact of HIV Treatment on Risk Behaviour in Developing Countries: A Systematic Review.” AIDS Care 19 (6): 707-720.
Kenny, L., M. Carballo and T. Bergmann. 2010. “Vulnerable Mobile Populations Overlooked.” Forced Migration Review: HIV/AIDS, Security and Conflict (Supplement): 3-4. www.fmreview.org
Keogh, S., M. Urassa, Y. Kumogola, J. Mngara and B. Zaba. 2009. “Reproductive Behaviour and HIV Status of Antenatal Clients in Northern Tanzania: Opportunities for Family Planning and Preventing Mother-to-child Tranmission Integration.” AIDS 23 (Supplement 1): S27-S35.
Kere, S., J. Some, O. Ky-Zerbo and F. Simaga. 2008. “Appropriation of HIV/AIDS Prevention by Community Based Organizations in Burkina Faso: PAMAC HIV Counseling and Testing Sub-program Example.” Abstract TUPE0427. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kerimi, N. and S. Pkhidenko, S. 2011. “HIV Drug Use and Closed Settings.” Pp. 36 -37 in USAID, CDC and AIDSTAR-Two. 2011. Regional Workshop on HIV and Drug Use: HIV Prevention, Care and Treatment for People Who Inject Drugs: A Review of Evidence-based Findings and Best Practices. Where Is Gender in Concentrated Epidemics? Building Effective Programs to Achieve HIV Objectives, July 11-15: Kyiv, Ukraine. Washington, DC: USAID, CDC and AIDSTAR-Two.
Kerkhoff, A., R. Wood, and S. Lawn. 2011. “Optimum time to start antiretroviral therapy in patients with HIV-Associated Tuberculosis: Before or After Tuberculosis Diagnosis?” AIDS 25 (7): 1003- 1006.
Kerr, R., L. Dakishoni, L. Shumba, R. Msachi and M. Chirwa. 2008. “’We Grandmothers Know Plenty’: Breastfeeding, Complementary Feeding and the Multifaceted Role of Grandmothers in Malawi.” Social Science and Medicine 66: 1095-1105.
Kerr, T., K. Hayashi, N. Fairbairn, K. Kaplan, P. Suwannawong, R. Zhang and E. Wood. 2010a. “Expanding the Reach of Harm Reduction in Thailand: Experiences with a Drug User-run Drop-in Centre.” International Journal on Drug Policy 21 (3): 255-258.
Kerr, T., N. Fairbairn, K. Hayashi, P. Suwannawong, K. Kaplan, R. Zhang and E. Wood. 2010c. “Difficulty Accessing Syringes and Syringe Borrowing among Injection Drug Users in Bangkok, Thailand.” Drug and Alcohol Review 29 (2): 157-161.
Kerr, T., W. Small, C. Buchner, R. Zhang, K. Li, J. Montaner and E. Wood. 2010b. “Syringe Sharing and HIV Incidence among Injection Drug Users and Increased Access to Sterile Syringes.” American Journal of Public Health 100 (8): 1449-1453.
Kerrigan, D., L. Moreno, S. Rosario, B. Gomez, H. Jerez, C. Barrington, E. Weiss, and M. Sweat. 2006. “Environmental-structural Interventions to Reduce HIV/STI Risk among Female Sex Workers in the Dominican Republic.” American Journal of Public Health 96 (1): 120-125.
Kerrigan, D., L. Moreno, S. Rosario, B. Gomez, H. Jerez, E. Weiss, J. van Dam, E. Roca, C. Barrington and M. Sweat. 2004. Combining Community Approaches and Government Policy to Prevent IV Infection in the Dominican Republic. Washington, DC: Horizons, Population Council.
Kershaw, T., M. Small, G. Joseph, M. Theodore, R. Bateau and R. Frederic. 2006. “The Influence of Power on HIV Risk among Pregnant Women in Rural Haiti.” AIDS and Behavior 10 (3): 309-318.
Kesho Bora Study Group. 2010. "Eighteen-month Follow-up of HIV-1-infected Mothers and their Children Enrolled in the Kesho Bora Study Observational Cohorts." Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 54 (5): 533-541.
Kesho Bora Study Group. 2011. “Triple Antiretroviral Compared with Zidovudine and Single-Dose Nevirapine Prophylaxis during Pregnancy and Breastfeeding for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 (Kesho Bora study): A Randomised Controlled Trial.” Lancet Infectious Diseases 11 (3): 171-180.
Kesho-Bora Study Group. 2009. “Triple-Antiretroviral Prophylaxis during Pregnancy and Breastfeeding Compared to Shor-ARV Prophylaxis to Prevent Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1: The Kesho Bora Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial in Five Sites in Burkina Faso, Kenya and South Africa.” Abstract WeLBPeC01. 5thInternational AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention. Cape Town, South Africa.
Khale, M., G. Kularni, N. Kapadia-Kundu, R. Bollinger, A. Dyalchand and G. Sinha. 2008. “Gender-specific Participation in HIV Prevention Services Program Impacts HIV Testing Awareness and Utilization in Rural Maharashtra, India.” Abstract THPE0280. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Khan, A. and A. Khan. 2011. “Performance and Coverage of HIV Interventions for Injection Drug Users: Insights from Triangulation of Programme, Field and Surveillance Data from Pakistan.” International Journal on Drug Policy 22 (3): 219-225.
Khan, A., J. Walley, J. Newell and N. Imdad. 2002. “Tuberculosis in Pakistan: Socio-cultural Constraints and Opportunities for Treatment.” Social Science and Medicine 50: 247-254.
Khan, M., E. Johansson, S. Zaman, M. Unemo, N. Rahat and C. Lunborg. 2010. “Poverty of Opportunity Forcing Women into Prostitution – A Qualitative Study in Pakistan.” Health Care for Women International 31 (4): 365-383.
Khan, M., P. Patnaik, L. Brown, N. Nagot, S. Salouka and S. Weir. 2008. “Mobility and HIV-related Sexual Behavior in Burkina Faso.” AIDS & Behavior 12 (2): 202-212.
Khan, M., T. Pillay, J. Moodley, A. Ramjee and N. Padayatchi. 2007. “Pregnancies Complicated by Mutlidrug-resistant Tuberculosis and HIV Co-infection in Durban, South Africa.” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 11 (6): 706-708.
Khan, S., N. Hudson-Rodd, S. Saggers, M. Bhuiyan and A. Bhuiya. 2004. “Safer Sex or Pleasurable Sex? Rethinking Condom Use in the AIDS Era.” Sexual Health 1: 217-225.
Khandekar, S., V. Sharma Mahendraf, R. Verma, A. Singh, P. Palav, M. Sheikh and J. Pulerwitz. 2008. “Changing Inequitable Gender Norms among Young Women in India to Reduce their Vulnerability to HIV and SRH Problems: A Pilot Intervention in Mumbai.” Abstract TUPE0681. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kharsany, A., C. Connolly, A. Olowolagba, S. Abdool Karim and Q. Abdool Karim. 2006. “Increasing Burden of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Young Women.” South African Medical Journal 96 (6): 524-525.
Kharsany, A., N. Hancock, J. Frohlich, H. Humphries, S. Abdool Karim and Q. Abdool Karim. 2010b. “Screening for the ‘Window Period’ Acute HIV Infection among Pregnant Women in Rural South Africa.” HIV Medicine 11 (10): 661-665.
Kharsany, A., Q. Abdool Karim and S. Abdool Karim. 2010a. “Uptake of Provider-initiated HIV Testing and Counseling among Women Attending an Urban Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinic in South Africa – Missed Opportunities for Early Diagnosis of HIV Infection.” AIDS Care 22 (5): 533-537.
Khoo, S., D. Back and P. Winstanley. 2005. “The Potential for Interactions between Antimalarial and Antiretroviral Drugs.” AIDS 19: 995-1005.
Khumalo-Sakutukwa, G., S. Morin, K. Fritz, E. Charlebois, H. van Rooyen, A. Chingono, P. Modiba, K. Mrumbi, S. Visurtaratna, B. Singh, M. Sweat, D. Celentano and T. Coates for the NIMH Project Accept Study Team. 2008. “Project Accept (HTPN 043): A Community-based Intervention to Reduce HIV Incidence in Populations at Risk for HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa and Thailand.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 49 (4): 422-431.
Kiarie, J., C. Farquhar, B. Richardson, M. Kabura, F. John, R. Nduati and G. John-Stewart. 2006. “Domestic Violence and Prevention of Mother to Child-Transmission of HIV-1.” AIDS 20: 1763-1769.
Kiarie, J., J. Ong’ech, O. Gachuno, P. Muiruri, I. Inwani, J. Kinuthia, P. Cherutich, M. Sirengo, B. Otieno-Nyunya and W. Mutsotso. 2012. “National Evaluation of PMTCT Services: Kenya.” Poster Abstract 1002. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kiatiyosnusorn, R., P. Suprasert, J. Srisomboon, S. Siriaree, S. Khunamornpong and C. Kietpeerakool. 2010. “High-Grade Histologic Lesions in Women with Low-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesion Cytology from a Region of Thailand with a High Incidence of Cervical Cancer.” International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 110: 133-126.
Kiboneka, A., R. Jones, C. Nabiryo, R. Rachlis, C. Cooper and E. Mills. 2008a. “Providing Antiretroviral Therapy to Internally Discplaced Persons Residing in Camps. The TASO Gulu Experience.” Abstract TUAB0302. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kidd, R., S. Clay and C. Chiiya. 2007. Understanding and Challenging HIV Stigma: Toolkit for Action. Brighton, UK: International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Academy for Educational Development and International Center for Research on Women.
Kiddugavu, M., F. Makumbi, M. Wawer, D. Serwadda, N. Sewankambo, F. Wabwire-Mangen, T. Lutalo, M. Meehan, Xianbin and R. Gray for the Rakai Project Study Group. 2003. “Hormonal Contraceptive Use and HIV-1 Infection in a Population-based Cohort in Rakai, Uganda.” AIDS 17 (2): 233-240.
Kidman, R., J. Hanley, S. Subramanian, G. Foster and J. Heymann. 2010. “AIDS in the Family and Community: The Impact of Child Health in Malawi.” Social Science and Medicine 71 (5): 966-974.
Kidman, R., S. Petrow and S. Heymann. 2007. “Africa’s Orphan Crisis: Two Community-based Models of Care.” AIDS Care 19 (3): 326-329.
Kigozi, N., J. Henuis, P. Chikbovu, H. van den Berg, H. Rensburg and E. Wouters. 2010. “Predictors of the Uptake of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing by Tuberculosis Patients in Free State Province, South Africa.” International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease 14 (4): 399-405.
Kilewo, C., A. Massawe, E. Lyamuya, I. Semali, F. Kalokola, E. Urassa, M. Giattas, F. Temu, K. Karlsson, F. Mhalu and G. Biberfeld. 2001. “HIV counseling and testing of pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: experiences from a study on prevention of mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 28: 458-462.
Kilewo, C., K. Karlsson, A. Massawe, E. Lyamuya, A. Swai, F. Mhalu and G. Biberfeld for the Mitra Study Team. 2008. “Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1 through Breast-Feeding by Treating Infants Prophylactically with Lamivudine in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: The Mitra Study.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 48 (3): 315-323.
Killam, W., B. Tambatamba, N. Chintu, D. Rouse, E. Stringer, M. Bweupe, Y. Yu and J. Stringer. 2010. “Antiretroviral Therapy in Antenatal Care to Increase Treatment Initiation in HIV-infected Pregnant Women: A Stepped-wedge Evaluation.” AIDS 24 (1): 85-91.
Killian, S., S. Sulliman, N. Fakier and S. Seedat. 2007. “Rape Survivors and the Provision of HIV Post-exposure Prophylaxis.” South African Medical Journal 97 (8): 585-586.
Kilmarx, P., K. Limpakarnjanarat, T. Mastro, S. Saisorn, J. Kaewkungwal, S. Korattana, W. Uthaivoravit, N. Young, B. Weniger and M. St. Louis. 1998. "HIV-1 Seroconversion in a Prospective Study of Female Sex Workers in Northern Thailand: Continued High Incidence among Brothel-Based Women." AIDS 12 (14): 1889-1898.
Kilonzo, G., K. Curran, A. Gregowski, J. Mbwambo, K. Mrumbi, K. Fritz, L. Abler and M. Sweat. 2008b. “Alcohol Use and HIV Risk Behaviors in Kisarawe, Tanzania.” Abstract TUPE0896. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kilonzo, N. 2012. “Getting the Test to Where the People Are.” Oral Abstract 116. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kilonzo, N., M. Taegtmeyer, C. Molyneux, J. Kibaru, V. Kimonji, S. Theobald. 2008a. “Engendering Health Sector Responses to Sexual Violence and HIV in Kenya: Results of a Qualitative Study.” AIDS Care 20 (2): 188-90.
Kilonzo, N., N. Ndung’u, N. Nthamburi, C. Ajema, M. Taegtmeyer, S. Theobald and R. Tolhurst. 2009b. “Sexual Violence Legislation in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Need for Strengthened Medico-Legal Linkages.” Reproductive Health Matters 17 (34): 10-19.
Kilonzo, N., S. Theobald, E. Nyamato, C. Ajema, H. Muchela, J. Kibaru, E. Rogena and M. Taegtmeyer. 2009a. “Delivering Post-rape Care Services: Kenya’s Experience in Developing Integrated Services.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 87: 555-559.
Kim, A., B. Parekh, M. Muro, D. Kimanga, E. Makokha, N. Muraguri, P. Mureithi, T. Dobbs, Y. Duoung, J. Mermin and 2007 KAIS Study Group. 2012. “Validation of the Limiting Antigen Avidity Enzyme Immunoassay as a Tool to Estimate National HIV Incidence, 2007 AIDS Indicator Survey: Kenya.” Poster Abstract 558. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kim, A., F. Malele, R. Kaiser, N. Mama, T. Kinkela, J. Manstumba, M. Hynes, S. De Jesus, G. Musema, P. Kayember, K. Reed and T. Diaz. 2009b. “HIV Infection among Internally Displaced Women and Women Residing in River Populations along the Congo River, Democratic Republic of Congo.” AIDS Behavior 13 (5) 914-920.
Kim, A., J. McDougal, J. Hargrove, T. Rehle, V. Pillay-Van Wyk, A. Puren, A. Ekra, M. Borget-Alloue, C. Adje-Toure, A. Abdullahi, L. Odawo, L. Marum and B. Parekh. 2010. “Evaluating the BED Capture Enzyme Immunoassay to Estimate HIV Incidence among Adults in Three Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.” AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 26 (10): 1051-1061.
Kim, J. and M. Motshei. 2002. “’Women Enjoy Punishment’: Attitudes and Experiences of Gender Violence among Primary Health Care Nurses in Rural South Africa.” Social Science and Medicine 54: 91-102.
Kim, J., B. Lutz, M. Dhaliwal and J. O’Malley. 2011. “The ‘AIDS and MDGs’ Approach: What Is It, Why Does It Matter, and How Do We Take It Forward?” Third World Quarterly 32 (1): 141-163.
Kim, J., C. Watts, J. Hargreaves, L. Ndhlovu, G. Phetla, L. Morison, J. Busza, J. Porter and P. Pronyk. 2007b. “Understanding the Impact of a Microfinance-Based Intervention on Women's Empowerment and the Reduction of Intimate Partner Violence in South Africa.” American Journal of Public Health 97(10): 1794-802.
Kim, J., G. Ferrari, T. Abramsky, C. Watts, J. Hargreaves, L. Morison, G. Phetla, J. Porter and P. Pronyk. 2009c. “Assessing the Incremental Effects of Combining Economic and Health Interventions: The IMAGE Study in South Africa.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 87 (11): 824-832.
Kim, J., I. Askew, L. Muvhango, N. Dwane, T. Abramsky, S. Jan, E. Ntlemo, J. Chege and C. Watts. 2009a. “Comprehensive Care and HIV Prophylaxis after Sexual Assault in Rural South Africa: The Refentse Intervention Study.” BMJ 338: b515.
Kim, J., L. Mokwena, E. Ntelmo, N. Dwane, A. Noholoza, T. Abramsky, E. Marinda, I. Askew, J. Chege, S. Mullick, L. Gerntholtz, L. Vetten and A. Meerkotter. 2007a. “Developing an Integrated Model for Post-Rape Care and HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis in Rural South Africa.” Washington, DC: Population Council, Rural AIDS & Development Action Research Programme, School of Public Health, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa and Tshwaranang legal Advocacy Centre, South Africa. www.popcouncil.org
Kim, J., P. Pronyk, T. Barnett and C. Watts. 2008. “Exploring the Role of Economic Empowerment in HIV Prevention.” AIDS Supplement 4: S57-S71.
Kim, Y., A. Kols, R. Nyakauru, C. Marangwanda and P. Chibatamoto. 2001. “Promoting Sexual Responsibility among Young People in Zimbabwe.” International Family Planning Perspectives 27 (1): 11-19.
Kimaiyo, S., K. Wools-Kaloustian, L. Bolt, A. Siika, P. Ayuo, W. Nyandiko, P. Braitstein, J. Sidle, S. Ndege, J. Wachira, H. Campbell, E. Kigotho, M. Kibor, A. Chepemoi, C. Opiyo, J. Sitenei, R. Enterz, W. Tierney and J. Mamlin. 2008. “Effectiveness and Outcomes of Door-to-door HIV Testing in a Rural District in Kenya.” Abstract TUPE0389. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kimber, J., N. Palmateer, S. Hutchinson, M. Hickman, D. Goldberg and T. Rhodes. 2010. “Harm Reduction among Injection Drug Users – Evidence of Effectiveness.” Pp. 115-163 in Ed. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction. Lisbon, Portugal: EMCDDA.
Kimou, J., C. Kouakou, and P. Assi. 2008. A Review of the Socioeconomic Impact of Antiretroviral Therapy on Family Wellbeing. Boston, MA: Joint Learning Initiative on Children and HIV/AIDS (JLICA).
Kind, C., C. Rudin and C. Siegrist. 1998. “Prevention of Vertical HIV Transmission: Additive Protective Effect of Elective Cesarean Section and Zidovudine Prophylaxis.” AIDS12: 205-210.
King, R., D. Katuntu, J. Lifshay, L. Packel, R. Batamwita, S. Nakayiwa, B. Abang, F. Babibrye, P. Lindkvist, E. Johannson, J. Mermin and R. Bunnell. 2008a. “Process and Outcomes of HIV Serostatus Disclosure to Sexual Partners among People Living with HIV in Uganda.” AIDS Behavior 12: 232-243.
King, R., J. Estey, S. Allen, S. Kegeles, W. Wolf, C. Valentine and A. Serufilira. 1995. “A Family Planning Intervention to Reduce Vertical Transmission of HIV in Rwanda.” AIDS 9 (Supplement 1): S45-S51.
King, R., J. Lifshay, S. Nakayiwa, D. Katuntu, P. Lindkvist and R. Bunnell. 2009. “The Virus Stops with Me: HIV-infected Ugandans’ Motivations in Preventing HIV Transmission.” Social Science and Medicine 68: 749-757.
King, R., K. Khana, S. Nakayiwa, D. Katuntu, J. Homsy, P. Lindkvist, E. Johansson and R. Bunnell. 2011. “’Pregnancy Comes Accidentally – Like it Did with Me': Reproductive Decisions among Women on ART and their Partners in Rural Uganda.” BMC Public Health 11: 530.
Kinsman, J., J. Nakiyingi, A. Kamali, L. Carpenter, M. Quigley, R. Pool and J. Whitworth. 2001. “Evaluation of a Comprehensive School-based AIDS Education Programme in Rural Masaka, Uganda.” Health Education Research 16 (1): 85-100.
Kintu, N. 2008. Difference in the Health Status of HIV Infected Children Cared for by Parents as Compared to those Cared for by Grandparents. Doctoral Dissertation Presented to the University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, TX.
Kipp, W., A. Alibhai, L. Duncan-Saunders, A. Senthilselvan, A. Kaler, J. Konde-lule, J. Okech-ojony and T. Rubaale. 2010. “Gender Differences in Antiretroviral Therapy Treatment Outcomes off HIV Patients in Rural Uganda.” AIDS Care 22 (3): 271-278.
Kiptoo, M., H. Ichimura, R. Wembe, Z. Ng’Ang’a, J. Mueke, J. Kinyua, N. Lagat, F. Okoth and E. Songok. 2008. “Prevalence of Nevirapine-Associated Resistance Mutations after Single Dose Prophlactic Treatment among Antenatal Clinic Attendees in North Rift, Kenya.” AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 24 (12): 1555-1559.
Kirby, D, B.A. Laris and Lori Rolleri. 2005. “Impact of Sex and HIV Education Programs on Sexual Behaviors of Youth in Developing Countries and Developed Countries.” Youth Research Working Paper No. 2. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International.
Kirby, D. 2001. Emerging Answers: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy. Washington DC: National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy.
Kirby, D. 2007. Emerging Answers 2007: Research Findings on Programs to Reduce Teen Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Washington, DC: The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.
Kirby, D. 2009. Email to Jill Gay, Nov. 4 with sex disaggregated data from the studies included.
Kirby, D., A. Obasi and B. Laris. 2006. “The Effectiveness of Sex Education and HIV Education Interventions in Schools in Developing Countries.” Edited by D. Ross, B. Dick and J. Ferguson. 2006. Preventing HIV/AIDS in Young People: A Systematic Review of the Evidence from Developing Countries. Geneva, Switzerland: UNAIDS Inter-agency Task Team on Young People.
Kirby, D., B. Laris and L. Rolleri, 2007b. Sex and HIV Education Programs for Youth: Their Impact and Important Characteristics. Research Triangle Park, NC: Family Health International .
Kirby, D., B. Laris and L. Rolleri. 2007a. “Sex and HIV Education Programs: Their Impact on Sexual Behaviors of Young People throughout the World.” Journal of Adolescent Health 40 (3): 206-217.
Kis, A. 2010. “ABC for AIDS Prevention in Guinea: Migrant Gold Mining Communities Address their Risks.” AIDS Care 22 (4): 520-525.
Kisakye, P., W. Akena and D. Kaye. 2010. “Pregnancy Decisions among HIV-Positive Pregnant Women in Mulago Hospital, Uganda.” Culture, Health & Sexuality 12 (4): 445-454.
Kishamawe, C., D. Vissers, M. Urassa, R. Isingo, G. Mwaluko, G. Borsboom, H. Voeten, B. Zaba, D. Habbema and S. de Vlas. 2006. “Mobility and HIV in Tanzanian Couples: Both Mobile Persons and their Partners Show Increased Risk.” AIDS 20 (4): 601-608.
Kissin, D., N. Akatova, A. Rakhmanova, E. Vinogradova, E. Voronin, D. Jamieson, M. Glynn, A. Yakovlev, J. Robinson. W. Miller and S. Hillis. 2008. “Rapid HIV Testing and Prevention of Perinatal HIV Transmission in High-Risk Maternity Hospitals in St. Petersburg, Russia.” American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 198 (2): 183.e.1-7.
Kitahata, M., S. Gange, A. Abraham, B. Merriman, M. Saag, A. Justice, R. Hogg, S. Deeks, J. Eron, J. Brooks, S. Rourke, J. Gill, R. Bosch, J. Martin, M. Klein, L. Jacobson, B. Rodriguez, T. Sterling, G. Kirk, S. Napravnik, A. Rachlis, L. Calzavara, M. Horberg, M. Silverberg, K. Gebo, J. Goedert, C. Benson, A. Collier, S. Van Rompaey, H. Crane, R. McKaig, B. Lau, A. Freeman and R. Moore for the NA-ACCORD Investigators. 2009. “Effect of Early versus Deferred Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV on Survival.” New England Journal of Medicine 360 (18): 1815-1826.
Kitchener, H., L. Nelson, J. Adams, D. Mesher, P. Sasieni, H. Cubie, C. Moore, I. Heard, A. Agarossi, E. Casolati, L. Denny, C. Bradbeer, F. Lyons, G. Beattie and T. Niemec. 2007. “Colposcopy is Not Necessary to Assess the Risk to the Cervix in HIV-Positive Women: An International Cohort Study of Cervical Pathology in HIV-1 Positive Women.” International Journal of Cancer 121: 2484-2491.
Kitzo, D., P. Woodburn, B. Kesande, C. Ameke, J. Nabulime, M. Muwanga, H. Grosskurth and A. Elliot. 2008. “Uptake of HIV and Syphilis Testing of Pregnant Women and Their Male Partners in a Programme for Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission in Uganda.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 13 (5): 680-682.
Kivihya-Ndugga, L., M. van Cleeff, L. Ng’ang’a, H. Meme, J. Odhiambo and P. Klaster. 2005. “Sex-specific Performance of Routine TB Diagnostic Tests.” The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 9 (3): 294-300.
Klausner, J. 2009. “Frequency of Syphilis Testing in HIV-infected Patients: More and More Often.” Sexually Transmitted Diseases 36 (2): 86-87.
Klausner, J., C. Serenata, H. O’Bra, C. Mattson, J. Brown, M. Wilson, T. Mbengashe and T. Goldman. 2011. “Scale-up and Continuation of Antiretroviral Therapy in South African Treatment Programs, 2005-2009.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 56 (3): 292-295.
Kleinschmidt, I., H. Rees, S. Delany, D. Smith, N. Dinat, B. Nkala and J. McIntyre. 2007. “Injectable Progestin Contraceptive Use and Risk of HIV Infection in a South African Family Planning Cohort.” Contraception 75 (6): 461-467.
Kloos, H., Y. Assefa, A. Adugna, M. Mulatu and D. Mariam. 2007. “Utilization of Antiretroviral Treatment in Ethiopia between February and December 2006: Spatial, Temporal, and Demographic Patterns.” International Journal of Health Geographics 6: 45.
Klotz, S., H. Nguyen, T. Pham, L. Nguyen, D. Ngo and S. Vu. 2007. “Clinical Features of HIV/AIDS Patients Presenting to an Inner City Clinic in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.” International Journal of STD & AIDS 18: 482-485.
Knauth, D., R. Barbosa and K. Hopkins. 2003. “Between Personal Wishes and Medical ‘Prescription’: Mode of Delivery and Post-partum Sterilization among Women with HIV in Brazil.” Reproductive Health Matters 11 (22): 113-121.
Knerr, W., J. McEachran and A. Philpott. 2009. Promoting Sexual Health and Rights through Pleasure: A Literature Review. Oxford/Delhi: Taking Action for Sexual Health.
Knox, A., N. Cuvvury and N. Milici. 2007. Connecting Rights to Reality: A Progressive Framework of Core Legal Protections for Women’s Property Rigths. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.
Kobayashi, J. 2001. “Psychiatric Issues,” in A Guide to the Clinical Care of Women with HIV, edited by J. Anderson. Rockville, MD: US Department of Health and Human Services. www.hab.hrsa.gov
Koenig, M., I. Zablostka, T. Lutalo, F. Nalugoda, J. Wagman and R. Gray. 2004. “Coerced First Intercourse and Reproductive Health among Adolescent Women in Rakai, Uganda.” International Family Planning Perspectives 30 (4): 156-164.
Koenig, M., T. Lutalo, F. Zhao, F. Nalugoda, F. Wabwire-Mangen, N. Kiwanuka, J. Wagman, D. Serwadda, M. Wawer and R. Gray. 2003. “Domestic Violence in Rural Uganda: Evidence From a Community-based Study.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81 (1): 53-60.
Koenig, S., H. Bang, P. Severe, M. Jean Juste, A. Ambroise, A. Edwards, J. Hippolyte, D. Fitzgerald, J. McGreevy, C. Riviere, S. Marcelin, R. Secours, W. Johnson, J. Pape and B. Schackman. 2011. “Cost-Effectiveness of Early Versus Standard Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adults in Haiti.” PLoS Medicine 8 (9): 1-11.
Komrower, J., K. Nyalali, C. Kishamanwe, B. Andrew, L. Medard, M. Kimaryo, J. Changalucha, and A. Obasi. 2008. “Is the Education System in Tanzania Able to Deliver an Adolescent Sexual and Reproducitve Health Programme? The Experience from MEMA kwa Vijana.” Abstract TUPE0482. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Komwa, M., K. Jacobsen and D. Parker. 2010. “HIV/AIDS-associated Beliefs and Practices Relating to Diet and Work in Southeastern Uganda.” Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition 28 (1): 76-85.
Konde-Lule, J., F. Makumbi, N. Pakker, A. Muyinda, M. Mubiru and F. Cobelens. 2011. “Effect of Changing Antiretroviral Treatment Eligibility Criteria on Patient Load in Kampala, Uganda.” AIDS Care 23 (1): 35-41.
Koren, S., N. Dolzhanskaya and N. Khodakevich. 2008. “Comparative Description and Analysis of the Basic Characteristics of a ‘Typical’ Patient with a Double Diagnosis of HIV and Drug Addiction at Infectious Disease Centres and Drug Addiction Treatment Centres.” Abstract MOPE0649. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Korenromp, E., C. Van Vliet, H. Grosskurth, A. Gavyole, C. Van der Ploeg, L. Fransen, R. Hayes and J. Habbema. 2000. “Model-based Evaluation of Single-round Mass Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases for HIV Control in a Rural African Population.” AIDS 14 (5): 573-593.
Kosgei, R., K. Lubano, C. Shen, K. Wools-Kaloustian, B. Musick, A. Siika, H. Mabeya, E. Carter, A. Mwangi and J. Kiarie. 2011. “Impact of Integrated Family Planning and HIV Care Services on Contraceptive Use and Pregnancy Outcomes: A Retrospective Study.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 58 (5): e121-e126.
Kottilil, S. 2009. Meeting with Jill Gay.
Kottilil, S. 2010. Email to Jill Gay. January 1.
Kottilil, S., J. Jackson and M. Polis. 2005. “Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C in HIV-infection.” Indian Journal of Medical Research 121 (4): 424-450.
Kouanda, S., F. Bocoum, , B. Doulougou, B. Bila, M. Maemogo, M. Sanou, M. Sawadogo, B. Sondo, P. Msellati and A. Desclaux. 2010b. “User Fees and Access to ARV Treatment for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS: Implementation and Challenges in Burkina Faso, a Limited-resource Country.” AIDS Care 22 (9): 1146-1152.
Kouanda, S., H. Tougri, M. Cisse, J. Simpore, V. Pietra, B. Doulougou, G. Ouedraogo, C. Ouedraogo, R. Soudre and B. Sondo. 2010a. “Impact of Maternal HAART on the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV: Results of an 18-Month Follow-Up Study in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.” AIDS Care 22 (7): 843-850.
Kranzer, K., J. Zeinecker, P. Ginsberg, C. Orrell, N. Kalawe, S. Lawn, L.-G. Bekker and R. Wood. 2010. “Linkage to HIV Care and Antiretroviral Therapy in Cape Town, South Africa.” PLoS ONE 5 (11): e13801.
Kreitchmann, R., R. Harris, F. Kakehasi, J. Harberer, P. Cahn, M. Losso, E. Teles, J. Pilotto, C. Hofer, J. Read and the NISDI LILAC Study Team. 2012. “ARV Adherence during Pregnancy and Post-partum: Latin America.” Poster Abstract 1016. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kriitmaa, K., A. Testa, M. Osman, I. Bozicevic, G. Riedner, J. Malungu, G. Irving and I. Abdalla. 2010. “HIV Prevalence and Characteristics of Sex Work among Female Sex Workers in Hargeisa, Somaliland, Somalia.” AIDS 24 (Supplement 2): S61-S67.
Krishnan, S., C. Rocca, A. Hubbard, K. Subbiah, J. Edmeades and N. Padian. 2010. “Do Changes in Spousal Employment Status Lead to Domestic Violence? Insights from a Prospective Study in Bangalore, India.” Social Science & Medicine 70 (1): 136-143.
Krishnan, S., M. Dunbar, A. Minnis, C. Medlin, C. Gerdts and N. Padian. 2008. “Poverty, Gender Inequities, and Women’s Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136: 101-110.
Kroll, C. 2009. Presentation for UNAIDS session on “HIV, Human Rights and People Who Inject Drugs.” Nov. 12. Washington, DC. Mr. Kroll is the UNODC Global Coordinator on HIV/AIDS.
Kruk, M., A. Jakubowski, M. Rabkin, B. Elul and W. El-Sadr. 2012. “Scale-up of HIV Services is Associated with More Facility Deliveries by HIV- Women: HIV and Maternal Health Services in 257 Health Facilities from 8 Sub-Saharan African Countries.” Poster Abstract 1042. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Krupitsky, E., E. Zvartau, D. Masalov, M. Tsoy, A. Burakov, V. Egorava, T. Didkenko, T. Romanova, E. Ivanova, A. Bespalov, E. Veritskaya, N. Nexnanov, A. Grinenko, C. O’Brien and G. Woody. 2006. “Naltrexone with or without Fluosetine for Preventing Relapse to Heroing Addiction in St. Petersburg, Russia.” Journal of Sustance Abuse Treatment 31: 319-328.
Kuhn, L., C. Reitz and E. Abrams. 2009a. “Breastfeeding and AIDS in the Developing World.” Current Opinion in Pediatrics 21: 83-93.
Kuhn, L., C. Wang, W. Tsai, T. Wright and L. Denny. 2010d. “Efficacy of Human Papillomavirus-Based Screen-and-Treat for Cervical Cancer Prevention among HIV-Infected Women.” AIDS 24 (16): 2553-2561.
Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, M. Mwiya, P. Kasonde, N. Scott, C. Vwalika, J. Walter, M. Bulterys, W. Tsai and D. Thea for the Zambia Exclusive Breastfeeding Study. 2008. “Effects of Early, Abrupt Weaning on HIV-free Survival of Children in Zambia.” New England Journal of Medicine 359 (2): 130-141.
Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, W. Tsai and D. Thea for the Zambia Exclusive Breastfeeding Study. 2009c. “Differential Effects of Early Weaning for HIV-Free Survival of Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers by Severity of Maternal Disease.” PLoS ONE4 (6): e6059.
Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, M. Mwiya and D. Thea. 2010b. “Potential Impact of New World Health Organization Criteria for Antiretroviral Treatment for Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission.” AIDS 24 (9): 1374-1377.
Kuhn, L., H. Kim, M. Mwiya, D. Thea, C. Kankasa, D. Decker and G. Aldrovandi. 2012. “Safer Weaning for HIV+ Women: Influence of Feeding Behaviours on Breast Milk HIV RNA and DNA Concentrations.” Abstract 1009. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kuhn, L., K. Semrau, S. Ramachandran, M. Sinkala, N. Scott, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, C. Kankasa, D. Decker, D. Thea and G. Aldrovandi. 2009b. “Mortality and Virological Outcomes after Access to Antiretroviral Therapy among a Cohort of HIV-infected Women Who Received Single-Dose Nevirapine in Lusaka, Zambia.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 52 (1): 132-136.
Kuhn, L., M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, P. Kasonde, N. Scott, M. Mwiya, C. Vwalika, J. Walter, W. Tsai, G. Aldrovandi and D. Thea. 2007. “High Uptake of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Reduced Post-Natal HIV Transmission.” PLoS 12: e1363.
Kuhn, L., M. Sinkala, K. Semrau, C. Kankasa, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, C. Hu, W. Tasi, D. Thea and G. Aldrovandi. 2010a. “Elevations in Mortality Associated with Weaning Persist into the Second Year of Life among Uninfected Children Born to HIV-infected Mothers.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 50: 437-444.
Kuhn, L., P. Kasonde, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, C. Vwalika, W. Tsai, G. Aldrovandi and D. Thea. 2005. “Prolonged Breast-feeding and Mortality up to Two Years Post-partum among HIV-positive Women in Zambia.” AIDS 19 (15): 1677-1681.
Kuile, F., M. Parise, F. Verhoeff, V. Udhayakumar, R. Newman, A. Van Eijk, S. Rogerson, and R. Steketee. 2004. “ The Burden of Co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type and Malaria in Pregnancy Women in Sub-Saharan Africa.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 71 (2): 41-54.
Kumakech, E., E. Cantor-Graae, S. Maling, and F. Bajunirwe. 2009. “Peer-group Support Intervention Improves the Psychosocial Well-being of AIDS Orphans: Cluster Randomized Trial.” Social Science & Medicine 68 (6): 1038-1043.
Kumar, S. 2008. “Feminisation of HIV/AIDS in India.” Abstract TUPE0709. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.
Kumar, S., H. Virk, A. Chaudhuri, A. Mittal and G. Lewis. 2008. “A Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of the Female Regualr Sex Partners of Male Drug Users in South Asia: Factors Associated with Condom Use during the Last Sexual Intercourse.” International Journal of Drug Policy 19: 148-158.
Kumwenda, N., D. Hoover, L. Mofenson, M. Thigpen, G. Kafulafula, Q. Li, L. Mipando, K. Nkanaunena, T. Mebrahtu, M. Bulterys, M. Fowler and T. Taha. 2008a. "Extended Antiretroviral Prophylaxis to Reduce Breast-Milk HIV-1 Transmission." New England Journal of Medicine 359 (2): 119-129.
Kumwenda , J., B. Makanani, F. Taulo, C. Nkhoma, G. Kafulafula, Q. Li, N. Kumwenda and T. Taha., 2008b. “Natural History and Risk Factors Associated with Early and Established HIV Type 1 Infection among Reproductive-Age Women in Malawi.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 46 (12): 1913-1920.
Kunutsor, S., J. Walley, E. Katabira, S. Muchoro, H. Balidawa, E. Namagala and E. Ikoona. 2010. “Using Mobile Phones to Improve Clinic Attendance amongst an Antiretroviral Treatment Cohort in Rural Uganda: A Cross-sectional and Prospective Study.” AIDS & Behavior 14: 1347-1352.
Kunz, A., M. Frank, K. Mugenyi, R. Kabasinguzi, A. Weidenhammer, M. Kurowski, C. Kloft and G. Harms. 2009. “Persistence of Nevirapine in Breast Milk and Plasma of Mothers and their Children after Single-Dose Administration.” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 63: 170-177.
Kupta, R.,, T. Kassaye, E. Saathoff, E. Hertzmark, G. Msamanga and W. Fawzi. 2009. “Predictors of Stillbirth among HIV-infected Tanzanian Women.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandanavica 88 (5): 584-592.
Kurewa, E., F. Gumbo, M. Munjoma, M. Mapingure, M. Chirenje, S. Rusakaniko and B. Stray-Pedersen. 2010. “Effect of Maternal HIV Status on Infant Mortality: Evidence from a 9-month Follow-up of Mothers and their Infants in Zimbabwe.” Journal of Perinatalogy 30 (2): 88-92.
Kuria , E. 2010. “Food Consumption and Nutritional Status of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA): A Case of Thika and Bungoma Districts, Kenya.” Public Health Nutrition 13 (4): 475-479.
Kurth, A., C. Celum, J. Baeten, S. Vermund and J. Wasserheit. 2011. “Combination HIV Prevention: Significance, Challenges and Opportunities.” Current HIV/AIDS Reports 8: 62-72.
Kwalombota, M. 2002. “The Effect of Pregnancy in HIV-infected Women.” AIDS Care 14(3): 431-433.
Kwan, C., W. Leelawiwat, P. Intalapaporn, T. Anekthananon, B. Taengsakulrach, P. Peters, J. McNicholl, B. Park, M. McConnell and P. Weidle. 2012. “Utility of CrAg Screening and Evolution of Asymptomatic Crytococcal Antigenemia among HIV+ Women Starting ART: Thailand.” Abstract 954. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.
Kyomuhendo, S. and J. Kiwanuka. 2007. “Access to Care, Treatment and Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights and Needs of HIV Positive Women in Masindi and Busia Districts, Uganda.” Report for ICW. Kampala, Uganda: ICW. www.icw.org