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Koenig, M., T. Lutalo, F. Zhao, F. Nalugoda, F. Wabwire-Mangen, N. Kiwanuka, J. Wagman, D. Serwadda, M. Wawer and R. Gray. 2003. “Domestic Violence in Rural Uganda: Evidence From a Community-based Study.” Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81 (1): 53-60.

Koenig, S., H. Bang, P. Severe, M. Jean Juste, A. Ambroise, A. Edwards, J. Hippolyte, D. Fitzgerald, J. McGreevy, C. Riviere, S. Marcelin, R. Secours, W. Johnson, J. Pape and B. Schackman. 2011. “Cost-Effectiveness of Early Versus Standard Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adults in Haiti.” PLoS Medicine 8 (9): 1-11.

Kohler, P. K., Chung, M. H., McGrath, C. J., Benki-Nugent, S. F., Thiga, J. W., & John-Stewart, G. C. 2011. Implementation of free cotrimoxazole prophylaxis improves clinic retention among antiretroviral therapy-ineligible clients in Kenya. AIDS, 25(13), 1657-1661. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834957fd

Kohler, P. K., Okanda, J., Kinuthia, J., Mills, L. A., Olilo, G., Odhiambo, F., Laserson, K. F., Zierler, B., Voss, J., and John-Stewart, G. (2014). Community-based evaluation of PMTCT uptake in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Plos One, 9(10): e110110. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0110110

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Koole, O., Houben, R. J., Mzembe, T., Van Boeckel, T. P., Kayange, M., Jahn, A., Chimbwandira, F., Glynn, J. R. and Crampin, A. C. (2014). Improved retention of patients starting antiretroviral treatment in Karonga District, northern Malawi, 2005-2012. Journal Of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (1999), 67(1): e27-e33. doi:10.1097/QAI.0000000000000252

Koole, O., Kalenga, L., Kiumbu, M., Menten, J., Ryder, R. W., Mukumbi, H., & Colebunders, R. 2012. Retention in a NGO supported antiretroviral program in the Democratic Republic of Congo. PLoS One, 7(7), e40971. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040971

Koole, O., Tsui, S., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Kwesigabo, G., Menten, J., Mulenga, M., Auld, A., Agolory, S., Mukadi, Y. D., Colebunders, R., Bangsberg, D. R., van Praag, E., Torpey, K., Williams, S., Kaplan, J., Zee, A., & Denison, J. 2014. Retention and risk factors for attrition among adults in antiretroviral treatment programmes in Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 19(12), 1397-1410. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12386

Koren, S., N. Dolzhanskaya and N. Khodakevich. 2008. “Comparative Description and Analysis of the Basic Characteristics of a ‘Typical’ Patient with a Double Diagnosis of HIV and Drug Addiction at Infectious Disease Centres and Drug Addiction Treatment Centres.” Abstract MOPE0649. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

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Koss, C. A., Natureeba, P., Nyafwono, D., Plenty, A., Mwesigwa, J., Nzarubara, B., Clark, T. D., Ruel, T. D., Achan, J., Charlebois, E. D., Cohan, D., Kamya, M. R., Havlir, D. V. and Young, S. L. (2016). Food Insufficiency Is Associated With Lack of Sustained Viral Suppression Among HIV-Infected Pregnant and Breastfeeding Ugandan Women. JAIDS: Journal Of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 71(3), 310-315.

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Kottilil, S. 2009. Meeting with Jill Gay.

Kottilil, S. 2010. Email to Jill Gay. January 1.

Kottilil, S., J. Jackson and M. Polis. 2005. “Hepatitis B & Hepatitis C in HIV-infection.” Indian Journal of Medical Research 121 (4): 424-450.

Kotzé, M., Visser, M., Makin, J., Sikkema, K., and Forsyth, B. (2013). The coping strategies used over a two-year period by HIV-positive women who had been diagnosed during pregnancy. AIDS Care, 25(6): 695-701. doi:10.1080/09540121.2013.772277

Kouanda, S., F. Bocoum, , B. Doulougou, B. Bila, M. Maemogo, M. Sanou, M. Sawadogo, B. Sondo, P. Msellati and A. Desclaux. 2010b. “User Fees and Access to ARV Treatment for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS: Implementation and Challenges in Burkina Faso, a Limited-resource Country.” AIDS Care 22 (9): 1146-1152.

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Kranzer, K., Govindasamy, D., Ford, N., Johnston, V., & Lawn, S. D. 2012. Quantifying and addressing losses along the continuum of care for people living with HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 15(2), 17383. doi: 10.7448/IAS.15.2.17383

Kranzer, K., J. Zeinecker, P. Ginsberg, C. Orrell, N. Kalawe, S. Lawn, L.-G. Bekker and R. Wood. 2010. “Linkage to HIV Care and Antiretroviral Therapy in Cape Town, South Africa.” PLoS ONE 5 (11): e13801.

Kranzer, K., Lawn, S. D., Johnson, L. F., Bekker, L. G., & Wood, R. 2013. Community viral load and CD4 count distribution among people living with HIV in a South African Township: implications for treatment as prevention. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 63(4), 498-505. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e318293ae48

Kredo, T., Ford, N., Adeniyi, F. B., & Garner, P. 2013. Decentralising HIV treatment in lower- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 6, CD009987. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009987.pub2

Kreitchmann R., Megazinni, K., Hugo-Melo, V., Fernandes-Coelho, D, Watts, H., Krauss, M., Isabel-Gouvea, M., Duarte, G., Losso, M. H., and Siberry, G. K. (2015). Repeat pregnancy in women with HIV infection in Latin America and the Caribbean. AIDS Care, 27(10): 1289-1297. doi:10.1080/09540121.2015.1050987

Kreitchmann, R., R. Harris, F. Kakehasi, J. Harberer, P. Cahn, M. Losso, E. Teles, J. Pilotto, C. Hofer, J. Read and the NISDI LILAC Study Team. 2012. “ARV Adherence during Pregnancy and Post-partum: Latin America.” Poster Abstract 1016. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.

Kriitmaa, K., A. Testa, M. Osman, I. Bozicevic, G. Riedner, J. Malungu, G. Irving and I. Abdalla. 2010. “HIV Prevalence and Characteristics of Sex Work among Female Sex Workers in Hargeisa, Somaliland, Somalia.” AIDS 24 (Supplement 2): S61-S67.

Krishnan, S., C. Rocca, A. Hubbard, K. Subbiah, J. Edmeades and N. Padian. 2010. “Do Changes in Spousal Employment Status Lead to Domestic Violence? Insights from a Prospective Study in Bangalore, India.” Social Science & Medicine 70 (1): 136-143.

Krishnan, S., M. Dunbar, A. Minnis, C. Medlin, C. Gerdts and N. Padian. 2008. “Poverty, Gender Inequities, and Women’s Risk of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/AIDS.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1136: 101-110.

Kroll, C. 2009. Presentation for UNAIDS session on “HIV, Human Rights and People Who Inject Drugs.” Nov. 12. Washington, DC. Mr. Kroll is the UNODC Global Coordinator on HIV/AIDS.

Krug, A., Hildebrand, M., and Sun, N. 2015. "'We don't need services. We have no problems': exploring the experiences of young people who inject drugs in accessing harm reduction services." Journal of the International AIDS Society 18 (2 Suppl 1): 19442.

Kruk, M., A. Jakubowski, M. Rabkin, B. Elul and W. El-Sadr. 2012. “Scale-up of HIV Services is Associated with More Facility Deliveries by HIV- Women: HIV and Maternal Health Services in 257 Health Facilities from 8 Sub-Saharan African Countries.” Poster Abstract 1042. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.

Krupitsky, E., E. Zvartau, D. Masalov, M. Tsoy, A. Burakov, V. Egorava, T. Didkenko, T. Romanova, E. Ivanova, A. Bespalov, E. Veritskaya, N. Nexnanov, A. Grinenko, C. O’Brien and G. Woody. 2006. “Naltrexone with or without Fluosetine for Preventing Relapse to Heroing Addiction in St. Petersburg, Russia.” Journal of Sustance Abuse Treatment 31: 319-328.

Kuhn, L. 2010. "Milk Mysteries: Why are Women Who Exclusively Breast-feed Less Likely to Transmit HIV during Breast-feeding?" Clinical Infectious Diseases 50 (5): 770-772.

Kuhn, L., C. Reitz and E. Abrams. 2009a. “Breastfeeding and AIDS in the Developing World.” Current Opinion in Pediatrics 21: 83-93.

Kuhn, L., C. Wang, W. Tsai, T. Wright and L. Denny. 2010d. “Efficacy of Human Papillomavirus-Based Screen-and-Treat for Cervical Cancer Prevention among HIV-Infected Women.” AIDS 24 (16): 2553-2561.

Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, M. Mwiya, P. Kasonde, N. Scott, C. Vwalika, J. Walter, M. Bulterys, W. Tsai and D. Thea for the Zambia Exclusive Breastfeeding Study. 2008. “Effects of Early, Abrupt Weaning on HIV-free Survival of Children in Zambia.” New England Journal of Medicine 359 (2): 130-141.

Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, W. Tsai and D. Thea for the Zambia Exclusive Breastfeeding Study. 2009c. “Differential Effects of Early Weaning for HIV-Free Survival of Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers by Severity of Maternal Disease.” PLoS ONE4 (6): e6059.

Kuhn, L., G. Aldrovandi, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, M. Mwiya and D. Thea. 2010b. “Potential Impact of New World Health Organization Criteria for Antiretroviral Treatment for Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission.” AIDS 24 (9): 1374-1377.

Kuhn, L., H. Kim, M. Mwiya, D. Thea, C. Kankasa, D. Decker and G. Aldrovandi. 2012. “Safer Weaning for HIV+ Women: Influence of Feeding Behaviours on Breast Milk HIV RNA and DNA Concentrations.” Abstract 1009. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.

Kuhn, L., K. Semrau, S. Ramachandran, M. Sinkala, N. Scott, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, C. Kankasa, D. Decker, D. Thea and G. Aldrovandi. 2009b. “Mortality and Virological Outcomes after Access to Antiretroviral Therapy among a Cohort of HIV-infected Women Who Received Single-Dose Nevirapine in Lusaka, Zambia.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 52 (1): 132-136.

Kuhn, L., M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, P. Kasonde, N. Scott, M. Mwiya, C. Vwalika, J. Walter, W. Tsai, G. Aldrovandi and D. Thea. 2007. “High Uptake of Exclusive Breastfeeding and Reduced Post-Natal HIV Transmission.” PLoS 12: e1363.

Kuhn, L., M. Sinkala, K. Semrau, C. Kankasa, P. Kasonde, M. Mwiya, C. Hu, W. Tasi, D. Thea and G. Aldrovandi. 2010a. “Elevations in Mortality Associated with Weaning Persist into the Second Year of Life among Uninfected Children Born to HIV-infected Mothers.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 50: 437-444.

Kuhn, L., P. Kasonde, M. Sinkala, C. Kankasa, K. Semrau, C. Vwalika, W. Tsai, G. Aldrovandi and D. Thea. 2005. “Prolonged Breast-feeding and Mortality up to Two Years Post-partum among HIV-positive Women in Zambia.” AIDS 19 (15): 1677-1681.

Kuile, F., M. Parise, F. Verhoeff, V. Udhayakumar, R. Newman, A. Van Eijk, S. Rogerson, and R. Steketee. 2004. “ The Burden of Co-infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type and Malaria in Pregnancy Women in Sub-Saharan Africa.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 71 (2): 41-54.

Kumakech, E., E. Cantor-Graae, S. Maling, and F. Bajunirwe. 2009. “Peer-group Support Intervention Improves the Psychosocial Well-being of AIDS Orphans: Cluster Randomized Trial.” Social Science & Medicine 68 (6): 1038-1043.

Kumar, S. 2008. “Feminisation of HIV/AIDS in India.” Abstract TUPE0709. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Kumar, S., H. Virk, A. Chaudhuri, A. Mittal and G. Lewis. 2008. “A Rapid Situation and Response Assessment of the Female Regualr Sex Partners of Male Drug Users in South Asia: Factors Associated with Condom Use during the Last Sexual Intercourse.” International Journal of Drug Policy 19: 148-158.

Kumi-Kyereme, A., Awusabo-Asare, K., and Darteh, E. K. 2014. "Attitudes of gatekeepers towards adolescent sexual and reproductive health in Ghana." African Journal of Reproductive Health 18 (3): 142-153.

Kumwenda, N., D. Hoover, L. Mofenson, M. Thigpen, G. Kafulafula, Q. Li, L. Mipando, K. Nkanaunena, T. Mebrahtu, M. Bulterys, M. Fowler and T. Taha. 2008a. "Extended Antiretroviral Prophylaxis to Reduce Breast-Milk HIV-1 Transmission." New England Journal of Medicine 359 (2): 119-129.

Kumwenda , J., B. Makanani, F. Taulo, C. Nkhoma, G. Kafulafula, Q. Li, N. Kumwenda and T. Taha., 2008b. “Natural History and Risk Factors Associated with Early and Established HIV Type 1 Infection among Reproductive-Age Women in Malawi.” Clinical Infectious Diseases 46 (12): 1913-1920.

Kunutsor, S., J. Walley, E. Katabira, S. Muchoro, H. Balidawa, E. Namagala and E. Ikoona. 2010. “Using Mobile Phones to Improve Clinic Attendance amongst an Antiretroviral Treatment Cohort in Rural Uganda: A Cross-sectional and Prospective Study.” AIDS & Behavior 14: 1347-1352.

Kunz, A., M. Frank, K. Mugenyi, R. Kabasinguzi, A. Weidenhammer, M. Kurowski, C. Kloft and G. Harms. 2009. “Persistence of Nevirapine in Breast Milk and Plasma of Mothers and their Children after Single-Dose Administration.” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 63: 170-177.

Kupta, R.,, T. Kassaye, E. Saathoff, E. Hertzmark, G. Msamanga and W. Fawzi. 2009. “Predictors of Stillbirth among HIV-infected Tanzanian Women.” Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandanavica 88 (5): 584-592.

Kurewa, E., F. Gumbo, M. Munjoma, M. Mapingure, M. Chirenje, S. Rusakaniko and B. Stray-Pedersen. 2010. “Effect of Maternal HIV Status on Infant Mortality: Evidence from a 9-month Follow-up of Mothers and their Infants in Zimbabwe.” Journal of Perinatalogy 30 (2): 88-92.

Kuria , E. 2010. “Food Consumption and Nutritional Status of People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA): A Case of Thika and Bungoma Districts, Kenya.” Public Health Nutrition 13 (4): 475-479.

Kurth, A., C. Celum, J. Baeten, S. Vermund and J. Wasserheit. 2011. “Combination HIV Prevention: Significance, Challenges and Opportunities.” Current HIV/AIDS Reports 8: 62-72.

Kurth, A.E., Lally, M.A., Choko, A.T., Inwani, I.W. 2015. "HIV testing and linkage to services for youth." Journal of the International AIDS Society 18 (2Suppl 1).

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