Nabaggala, C., S. Turyahabwe, A. Naturinda and H. Mugisha. 2008. “The Impact of a Community ART Program on ART Service Delivery at the AIDS Support Organization (TASO) in Mbarara, Uganda.” Abstreact MOPE0743. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nabaggala, R. 2008. “HIV/AIDS among Older Adults of 50 Years and Above: Coping with the Challenges of HIV/AIDS – A Case Study of the Mildmay Centre Uganda.” Abstract MOPE0821. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico.

Nachega, J. B., E. Mills and M. Schechter. 2010c. “Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence and Retention in Care in Middle-income and Low-income Countries: Current Status of Knowledge and Research Priorities.” Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS 5 (1): 70-77.

Nachega, J. B., M. Hislop, H. Nguyen, D. Dowdy, R. Chaisson, L. Regensberg, M. Cotton and G. Maartens. 2009. “Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence, Virologic and Immunologic Outcomes in Adolescents Compared With Adults in Southern Africa.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 51: 65-71.

Nachega, J. B., Morroni, C., Zuniga, J. M., Sherer, R., Beyrer, C., Solomon, S., Schechter, M., & Rockstroh, J. 2012. HIV-related stigma, isolation, discrimination, and serostatus disclosure: a global survey of 2035 HIV-infected adults. Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care, 11(3), 172-178. doi: 10.1177/1545109712436723

Nachega, J. B., Parienti, J. J., Uthman, O. A., Gross, R., Dowdy, D. W., Sax, P. E., Gallant, J. E., Mugavero, M. J., Mills, E. J., & Giordano, T. P. 2014. Lower pill burden and once-daily antiretroviral treatment regimens for HIV infection: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 58(9), 1297-1307. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu046

Nachega, J. B., R. Chaisson, R. Goliath, A. Efron, M. Chaudhary, M. Ram, C. Morroni, H. Schoeman, A. Knowlton and G. Maartens. 2010b. “Randomized Controlled Trial of Trained Patient-nominated Treatment Supporters Providing Partial Directly Observed Antiretroviral Therapy.” AIDS 24 (9): 1273-1280.

Nachega, J. B., R. Liesegang, D. Bishai, H. Nguyen, M. Hislop, S. Cleary, L. Regensberg and G. Maartens. 2010a. “Association of Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence and Health Care Costs.” Annals of Internal Medicine 152 (1): 18-25.

Nachega, J., D. Stein, D. Lehman, D. Hlatshwayo, R. Mothopeng, R. Chaisson and A. Karstaedt. 2004. “Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Adults in Soweto, South Africa.” AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2 6(10): 1053-1056.

Nacro, B., M. Barro, S. Gaudreault and B. Dao. 2010. “Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV in Burkina Faso: Breastfeeding and Wet Nursing.” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 56 (3): 183-186.

Nada, K. and E. Suliman. 2010. “Violence, Abuse, Alcohol and Drug Use, and Sexual Behaviors in Street Children of Greater Cairo and Alexandria, Egypt.” AIDS 24 (Supplement 2): S39-S44.

Nagelkerke, N., S. Moses, S. de Vlas and R. Bailey. 2007. “Modelling the Public Health Impact of Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in High Prevalence Areas in Africa.” BMC Infectious Diseases 7: 16.

Nagot , N., A. Ouédraogo, V. Foulongne, I. Konaté, H. Weiss, L. Vergne, M. Defer, D. Djagbaré, A. Sanon, J. Andonaba, P. Becquart, M. Segondy, R. Vallo, A. Sawadogo, P. Van de Perre, and P. Mayaud; ANRS 1285 Study Group. 2007. “Reduction of HIV-1 RNA Levels with Therapy to Suppress Herpes Simplex Virus.” New England Journal of Medicine 356 (8): 790-9.

Naidoo, S. and C. Jinabhai. 2006. “TB in Health Care Workers in KwaZulu Natal, South Africa.” International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease 10 (6): 676-682.

Naik, R., Doherty, T., Jackson, D., Tabana, H., et al. 2015. "Linkage to care following a home-based HIV counselling and testing intervention in rural South Africa." Journal of the International AIDS Society 18 19843.

Nair, P. 2011. “Litigating against Forced Sterilization of HIV-positive Women: Recent Developments in Chile and Namibia.” Harvard Human Rights Journal 23: 223-231.

Nakagawa, F., May, M., & Phillips, A. 2013. Life expectancy living with HIV: recent estimates and future implications. Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases, 26(1), 17-25. doi: 10.1097/QCO.0b013e32835ba6b1

Nakanjako, D., H. Mayanja-Kizza, J. Ouma, R. Wanyenze, D. Mwesigire, A. Namale, J. Ssempiira, J. Senkusu, R. Colebunders, and M. Kamya. 2010. “Tuberculosis and Human Immunodeficiency Virus Co-infections and their Predictors at a Hospital-based HIV/AIDS Clinic in Uganda.” International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 14 (12): 1621-1628.

Nakayiwa, S., B. Abang, L. Packel, J. Lifshay, D. Purcell, R. King, E. Ezati, J. Mermin, A. Coutinho and R. Bunnell. 2006. “Desire for Children and Pregnancy Risk Behavior among HIV-Infected Men and Women in Uganda.” AIDS & Behavior 10 (4 Supplement): S95-S014.

Nakigozi, G., F. Maukumbi, S. Reynolds, R. Aliwango, J. Kagaayi, F. Nalugoda, A. Ssettuba, J. Sekasanvu, J. Musuuza, D. Serwada, R. Gray and M. Wawer. 2011. “Non-enrollment for Free Community HIV Care: Findings from a Population-based Study in Rakai, Uganda.” AIDS Care 23 (6): 764-770.

Nalwoga, A., D. Maher, J. Todd, A. Karabarinde, S. Biraro and H. Grosskurth. 2010. “Nutritional Status of Children Living in a Community with High HIV Prevalence in Rural Uganda: A Cross-sectional Population-based Survey.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 15 (4): 414-422.

Nam, N., I. Bygbjerg, H. Mogensen and V. Rasch. 2010. “Factors Associated with the Failure to Seek HIV Care and Treatment among HIV-positive Women in a Northern Province in Vietnam.” AIDS Patient Care and STDs 24: 325-332.

Nam, N., I. Bygbjerg, H. Mogensen and V. Rasch. 2011. “Antiretroviral Therapy: Unmet Need and Associated Socio-demographic Characteristics among HIV-positive Women in Haiphong, Vietnam.” AIDS Care 23 (1): 1-9.

Nam, S., K. Fielding, A. Avalos, D. Dickinson, T. Gaolathe and P. Geissler. 2008. “The Relationship of Acceptance or Denial of HIV-status to Antiretroviral Adherence among Adult HIV Patients in Urban Botswana.” Social Science & Medicine 67: 301-310.

Namakhoma, I., G. Bongololo, G. Bello, L. Nyirenda, A. Phoya, S. Phiri, S. Theobald and C. Obermeyer. 2010. “Negotiating Multiple Barriers: Health Workers’ Access to Counselling, Testing and Treatment in Malawi.” AIDS Care 22 (Supplement 1): 68-76.

Namisi, F.S., Aaro, L.E., Kaaya, S., Onya, H.E., et al. 2013. "Condom use and sexuality communication with adults: a study among high school students in South Africa and Tanzania." BMC Public Health 13 874.

Namukwaya, Z., P. Mudiope, A. Kekitiinwa, P. Musoke, J. Matovu, S. Kayma, W. Salmond, E. Bitarakwate, M. Mubiru, A. Maganda, M. Galla, J. Byamugisha and M. Fowler. 2011. “The Impact of Maternal Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and Short-Course Combination Antiretrovirals for Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission on Early Infant Infection Rates at the Mulago National Referral Hospital in Kampala, Uganda, January 2007 to May 2009.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 56 (1): 69-75.

Namusobya, J., Semitala, F. C., Amanyire, G., Kabami, J., Chamie, G., Bogere, J., Jain, V., Clark, T. D., Charlebois, E., Havlir, D. V., Kamya, M., & Geng, E. H. 2013. High retention in care among HIV-infected patients entering care with CD4 levels >350 cells/muL under routine program conditions in Uganda. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 57(9), 1343-1350. doi: 10.1093/cid/cit490

Naniche, D., M. Lahuerta, A. Bradaji, B. Sigauque, C. Romagosa, A. Berenguera, I. Mandomando, C. David, S. Sanz, J. Aponte, J. Ordi, P. Alonso and C. Menendez. 2008. “Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV-1: Association with Malaria Prevention, Aneamia and Placental Malaria.” HIV Medicine 9: 757-764.

Napierala, S., M. Kang, T. Chipato, N. Padian and A. van der Straten. 2008. “Female Condom Uptake and Acceptability in Zimbabwe.” AIDS Education and Prevention 20 (2): 121-134.

Nappo, S., Z. Sanchez and L. de Oliveira. 2011. “Crack, AIDS and Women in Sao Paolo, Brazil.” Substance Use & Misuse 46 (4): 476-485.

Nash, D., Y. Wu, B. Elul, D. Hoss and W. El Sadr for the International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP). 2011. “Program-Level and Contextual-Level Determinants of Low Median CD4+ Cell Count in Cohorts of Persons Initiating ART in 8 Sub-Saharan African Countries.” AIDS 25 (12): 1523-1533.

Nasir, H. 2014. "The need for adolescent interventions in Pakistan for HIV/AIDS." Sexually Transmitted Infections 90 (2): 138.

Nassali, M., D. Nakanjako, D. Kyabayinze, J. Beyeza, A. Okoth and T. Mutyaba. 2009. “Access to HIV/AIDS Care for Mothers and Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Adherence to the Postnatal PMTCT Program.” AIDS Care 21 (9): 1124-1131.

Nath, A. 2009. “HIV/AIDS and Indian Youth – A Review of the Literature (1980-2008).” Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance 6 (1): 2-8.

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health (NIAID). 2010. “New Study Examines Best Ways to Prevent Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission and Preserve Maternal and Infant Health.” NIAID Web Bulletin, January. [Accessed on 3/8/2010].

National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA) and International AIDS Society (IAS). 2010. Meeting Report: Prevention and Treatment of HIV/AIDS among Drug Using Populations: A Global Perspective. January 11-12, Washington, DC: IAS and NIDA.

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Collaborative Prevention Trial Group. 2007. “The Community Popular Opinion Leader HIV Prevention Programme: Conceptual Basis and Intervention Procedures.” AIDS 21 (Supplement 2): S59-S68.

National Institutes of Health (NIH). 2015, May 27. Starting antiretroviral treatment early improves outcomes for HIV-infected individuals. Press Release.

National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India & Ors. 2012. Writ Petition (Civil) No. 400 of 2012. New Delhi, India: The Supreme Court of India.

Nattabi, B., J. Li, S. Thompson, C. Orach and J. Earnest. 2009. “A Systematic Review of Factors Influencing Fertility Desires and Intentions among People Living with HIV/AIDS: Implications for Policy and Service Delivery.” AIDS & Behavior 13 (5): 949-68.

Nattabi, B., J. Li, S. Thompson, C. Orach and J. Earnest. 2011. “Factors Associated with Perceived Stigma among People living with HIV/AIDS in Post-conflict Northern Uganda.” AIDS Education and Prevention 23 (3): 193-205.

Naughton, J., H. Hughes, L. Wilkinson and T. Boyles. 2011. “HIV Counselling and Testing in South African Schools.” Lancet 377: 1748.

Navas-Nacher, E., J. Read, R. Leighty, R. Tuomala, C. Zorrilla, S. Landesman, H. Rosenblatt and R. Hershow for the Women and Infants Transmission Study Group. 2006. “Mode of Delivery and Postpartum HIV-1 Disease Progression: The Women and Infants Transmission Study.” AIDS 20: 429-436.

Nawavvu, C. et al. 2008. “ Urban Home Based HIV Counseling and Testing Can Improve Identification of Infected Household Members of Index Clients in Kampala.” Abstract WEAC0104. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Ndawinz, J. D., Chaix, B., Koulla-Shiro, S., Delaporte, E., Okouda, B., Abanda, A., Tchomthe, S., Mboui, E., Costagliola, D., & Supervie, V. 2013. Factors associated with late antiretroviral therapy initiation in Cameroon: a representative multilevel analysis. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 68(6), 1388-1399. doi: 10.1093/jac/dkt011

Ndirangu, J., M-L. Newell, F. Tanser, A. Herbst and R. Bland. 2010. “Decline in Early Life Mortality in a High HIV Prevalence Rural Area of South Africa: Evidence of HIV Prevention or Treatment Impact?” AIDS 24 (3): 593-602.

Ndlovu, H., M. Gafos and M. Newell. 2008. “Assessment of Sensitivity and Specificity of Syndromic Management of STIs When Compared to Laboratory Diagnosis in HIV Uninfected Women Aged 18 Years and Over, Enrolled in the MDP301 Clinical Trial in the Umkhanyakude District of Nothern KwaZulu Natal.”Abstract MOPE0269. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nduna, M. and L. Farlane. 2009. “Women Living with HIV in South Africa and Their Concerns about Fertlity.” AIDS & Behavior 13: S62-S65.

Nebie, Y., N. Meda, V. Leroy, L. Mandelbrot, S. Yaro, I. Sombie, M. Cartoux, S. Tiendrebeogo, B. Dao, A. Ouangre, B. Nacro, P. Fao, O. Ky-Zerbo, P. Van de Perre and F. Dabis. 2001. “Sexual and Reproductive Life of Women Informed of Their Seropositivity: A Prospective Cohort Study in Burkina Faso.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 28 (4): 367-372.

Needle, R. and L. Zhao. 2010. HIV Prevention among Injection Drug Users: Strengthening US Support for Core Interventions. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic and International Studies.

Needle, R., K. Kroeger, H. Belani, A. Achrekar, C. Parry and S. Dewing. 2008. “Sex, Drugs and HIV: Rapid Assessment of HIV Risk Behaviors among Street-based Drug Using Sex Workers in Durban, South Africa.” Social Science and Medicine 67 (9): 1447-1455.

Negin, J. and R. Cumming. 2010. “HIV Infection in Older Adults in Sub-Saharan Africa: Extrapolating Prevalence from Existing Data.” Bulletin of World Health Organization 88: 847-853.

Negin, J., Barnighausen, T., Lundgren, J. D., & Mills, E. J. 2012. Aging with HIV in Africa: the challenges of living longer. AIDS, 26 Suppl 1, S1-5. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e3283560f54

Negin, J., J. Wariero, P. Mutuo, S. Jan and P. Pronyk. 2009. “Feasibility, Acceptability and Cost of Home-based HIV Testing in Rural Kenya.” Tropical Medicine and International Health 14 (8): 849-855.

Nelson, K., D. Celentano, S. Euimtrakol, D. Hoover, C. Beyrer, S. Suprasert, S. Kuntaolbutra and C. Khamboonruang. 1996. “Changes in Sexual Behavior and a Decline in HIV Infection Among Young Men in Thailand.” New England Journal of Medicine 335(5): 297-303.

Nelson, L. J., Beusenberg, M., Habiyambere, V., Shaffer, N., Vitoria, M. A., Montero, R. G., Easterbrook, P. J., & Doherty, M. C. 2014. Adoption of national recommendations related to use of antiretroviral therapy before and shortly following the launch of the 2013 WHO consolidated guidelines. AIDS, 28 Suppl 2, S217-224. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000239

Nelson, R. 2007. “Female-initiated Prevention Strategies Key to Tackling HIV.” Lancet Infectious Diseases 7 (10): 637.

Nelwan, E., R. Van Crevel, B. Alisjahbana, A. Indrati, R. Dwiyana, N. Nuralam, H. Pohan, I. Jaya, A. Meheus and A. Van der Ven. 2010. "Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C in an Indonesian Prison: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Implications of HIV Screening." Tropical Medicine and International Health 15 (12): 1491-1498.

Nerampititagkul, P., C. Lerpitakpong, J. Yothasamut, M. Thavorncharoensap, U. Chaikledkaew and Y. Terawattananon. 2009. “Economic Impact on Health-care Costs related to Major Diseases including HIV/AIDS due to Alcohol Drinking among Thai Populations.” Value in Health 12 (Supplement 3): S97-S100.

Nesheim, S., Harris, L. F., and Lampe, M. (2013). Elimination of perinatal HIV infection in the USA and other high-income countries: achievements and challenges. Current Opinion In HIV And AIDS, 8(5): 447-456. doi:10.1097/COH.0b013e3283636ccb

Neukom, J. and L. Ashford. 2003. Changing Youth Behavior Through Social Marketing: Program Experiences and Research Findings from Cameroon, Madagascar, and Rwanda. Washington, DC: Population Reference Bureau.

New Zealand Prostitution Law Review Committee, Report of the Prostitution Law Review Committee on the Operation of the Prostitution Reform Act of 2003. 2008 pp. 45–47 and 50.

Newell, M., H. Coovadia, M. Cortina-Borja, P. Galliard and F. Dabis. 2004. “Mortality of Infected and Uninfected Infants Born to HIV-infected Mothers in Africa: A Pooled Analysis.” Lancet 364: 1236-1243.

Newman, C., N. Makoae, E. Reavely and L. Fogarty. 2009. Alleviating the Burden of Responsibility: Report on a Study of Men as Providers of Community-based HIV/AIDS Care and Support in Lesotho. Chapel Hill, NC: The Capacity Project, IntraHealth International, Inc.

Newman, J., Iriondo-Perez, J., Hemingway-Foday, J., Freeman, A., Akam, W., Balimba, A., Kalenga, L., Mbaya, M., Mfangam Molu, B., Mukumbi, H., Niyongabo, T., Atibu, J., Azinyue, I., & Kiumbu, M. 2012. Older Adults Accessing HIV Care and Treatment and Adherence in the IeDEA Central Africa Cohort. AIDS Research and Treatment, 2012, 725713. doi: 10.1155/2012/725713

Ng, B., L. Butler, T. Horvath and G. Rutherford. 2011. “Population-based Biomedical Sexually Transmitted Infection Control Interventions for Reducing HIV Infection (Review).” Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD001220.

Ngarina, M., Kilewo, C., Karlsson, K., Aboud, S., Karlsson, A., Marrone, G., Leyna, G., Ekström, A. M., and Biberfeld, G. (2015). Virologic and immunologic failure, drug resistance and mortality during the first 24 months postpartum among HIV-infected women initiated on antiretroviral therapy for life in the Mitra plus Study, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. BMC Infectious Diseases, 15(175). doi:10.1186/s12879-015-0914-z

Ngarina, M., Popenoe, R., Kilewo, C., Biberfeld, G., and Ekstrom, A. M. (2013). Reasons for poor adherence to antiretroviral therapy postnatally in HIV-1 infected women treated for their own health: experiences from the Mitra Plus study in Tanzania. BMC Public Health, 13: 450. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-450

Ngarina, M., Tarimo, E. M., Naburi, H., Kilewo, C., Mwanyika-Sando, M., Chalamilla, G., Biberfeld, G. and Ekstrom, A. M. (2014). Women's Preferences Regarding Infant or Maternal Antiretroviral Prophylaxis for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV during Breastfeeding and Their Views on Option B+ in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Plos ONE, 9(1): 1-11. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085310

Ngede, S. R. Kioko, J. Wachira, S. Kimwattan, J. Kibet, J. Rugut, H. Campbell, S. Kimiayo, J. Mamlin, W. Nyadiko and W. Tierney. 2008. “Increasing Access to HIV Counseling and Testing in Western Kenya: Towards Effective Strategies.” Abstract THPE0511. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nglazi, M., S. Lawn, R. Kaplan, K. Kranzer, C. Orrell, R. Wood and L.-G. Bekker. 2011. “Changes in Programmatic Outcomes during 7 Years of Scale-up at a Community-based Antiretroviral Treatment Services in South Africa.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 56 (1): e1-e8.

Ngo, A., E. Ratliff, S. McCurdy, M. Ross, C. Markham and H. Pham. 2007. “Health-seeking Behavior for Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV Testing among Female Sex Workers in Vietnam.” AIDS Care 19 (7): 878-887.

Ngo, A.D., Ha, T.H., Rule, J., and Dang, C.V. 2013. "Peer-based education and the integration of HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health services for young people in Vietnam: evidence from a project evaluation." PloS one 8 (11): e80951.

Ngoma, M. S., Misir, A., Mutale, W., Rampakakis, E., Sampalis, J. S., Elong, A., Chisele, S., Mwale, A., Mwansa, J. K., Mumba, S., Chandwe, M., Pilon, R., Sandstrom, P., Wu, S., Yee, K. and. Silverman, M. S. (2015). Efficacy of WHO recommendation for continued breastfeeding and maternal cART for prevention of perinatal and postnatal HIV transmission in Zambia. Journal Of The International AIDS Society, 18: 19352. doi:10.7448/IAS.18.1.19352

Ngubane, T., H. van Rooyen, L. Richter, A. Chirowodza, P. Joseph and T. Coates. 2008a. “Innovative Mobilization Strategies for Attracting at Risk Youth and Young Adults to Particpate in Community-based Voluntary Counseling and Testing in Rural Kwa-Zulu Natal, South Africa.” Abstract MOPE 0425. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Ngugi, E., M. Chakkalackal, A. Sharma, E. Bukusi, B. Njoroge, J. Kimani, K. MacDonald, J. Bwayo, C. Cohen, S. Moses and R. Kaul for the Kibera HIV Study Group. 2007. “Sustained Changes in Sexual Behavior by Female Sex Workers After Completion of a Randomized HIV Prevention Trial.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 45 (5): 588-594.

Ngure, K., Baeten, J. M., Mugo, N., Curran, K., Vusha, S., Heffron, R., Celum, C. and Shell-Duncan, B. (2014). My intention was a child but I was very afraid : fertility intentions and HIV risk perceptions among HIV-serodiscordant couples experiencing pregnancy in Kenya. AIDS Care, 26(10): 1283-1287. doi:10.1080/09540121.2014.911808

Ngure, K., R. Heffron, N. Mugo, E. Irungu, C. Celum and J. Baeten. 2009. “Successful Increase in Contraceptive Uptake among Kenyan HIV-1-serodiscordant Couples Enrolled in an HIV-1 Prevention Trial.” AIDS 23 (Supplement 1): S89-S95.

Nguyen, H., H. T. Nyugen, H. Le, T. Nguyen, G. Le, T. Le, H. Pham and M. Wolfe. 2008d. “Improving Access to HIV Care and Treatment among Drug Users and Sex Workers through Peer Outreach Program: Lessons Learned from Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.” Abstract THPE0545. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nguyen, N. T., Rasch, V., Bygbjerg, I. C., & Mogensen, H. O. 2012a. Pursuing treatment and moral worth: HIV-infected women in a northern province of Vietnam living with antiretroviral therapy. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 23(4), 339-349. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2011.06.006

Nguyen, N. T., Rasch, V., Bygbjerg, I. C., & Mogensen, H. O. 2013. Vietnamese women's struggle to access antiretroviral drugs in a context of free treatment. Health Care for Women International, 34(3-4), 209-226. doi: 10.1080/07399332.2012.755979

Nguyen, S., Q. Bui, H. Van, P. Mock, L. Le, T. Tran, M. McConnell and G. Le. 2012b. “Outcomes of ART among HIV-positive Patients with Injecting and Non-injecting Drug Use: Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 2006-2010.” Poster Abstract 643. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.

Nguyen, T., C. Vu, V. Phung, T. Chu, H. Le, D. ha, H. Pham and M. Wolfe. 2008b. “Referrals to HIV-testing Services: Coordinating Peer Outreach Programs Sponsored by Different Donors in Vietnam.” Abstract MOPE0916. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nguyen, T., N. Khuu, A. Nguyen, L. Truong and R. Detels. 2008c. “Correlates of Asymptomatic Chlamydial and/or Gonorrheal Cervical Infection Among Vietnamese Female Sex Workers.” Abstract MOPE0352. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nguyen, T., N. Khuu, A. Ngyuen., L. Truong and R. Detels. 2008a. “High Association between Drug Use and HIV among Female Sex Workers in a Mekong Delta Province of Vietnam.” Abstract MOPE0291. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nguyen, T., P. Oosterhoff, A. Hardon, H. Tran, R. Coutino and P. Wright. 2008e. “A Hidden HIV Epidemic among Women in Vietnam.” BMC Public Health 8: 37.

Nguyen, T., P. Oosterhoff, Y. Ngoc, P. Wright and A. Hardon. 2008f. “Barriers to Access to Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission for HIV Positive Women in a Well-resourced Setting in Vietnam.” AIDS Research and Therapy 5: 7.

Nguyen, T., P. Oosterhoff, Y. Ngoc, P. Wright and A. Hardon. 2009. “Self-help Groups Can Improve Utilization of Postnatal Care by HIV-infected Mothers.” Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 20 (2): 141-152.

Nguyen, V. and M. Scannapieco. 2008. “Drug Abuse in Vietnam: A Critical Review of the Literature and Implications for Future Research.” Addiction 103 (4): 535-543.

Nguyen, V.-K., N. Bajos, F. Dubois-Arber, J. O’Malley and C. Pirkle. 2011. “Remedicalizing an Epidemic: From HIV Treatment as Prevention to HIV Treatment is Prevention.” AIDS 25: 291-293.

Nguyen , R., S. Gange, F. Wabwire-Mangen, N. Sewankambo, D. Serwadda, M. Wawer, T. Quinn and R. Gray. 2006. “Reduced Fertility among HIV-Infected Women Associated with Viral Load in Rakai District, Uganda.” International Journal of STD & AIDS 17 (12): 842-846.

Nicastri, E., S. Leone, C. Angeletti, L. Palmisano, L. Sarmati, A. Chiesi, A. Geraci, S. Vella, P. Narciso, A. Corpolongo and M. Andreoni. 2007. “Sex Issues in HIV-1-infected Persons during Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy: A Systematic Review.” Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 60: 724-732.

Niccolai, L., O. Toussova, S. Verevochkin, R. Barbour, R. Heimer and A. Kozlov. 2010. “High HIV Prevalence, Suboptimal HIV Testing, and Low Knowledge of HIV-positive Serostatus among Injecting Drug Users in St. Petersburg, Russia.” AIDS & Behavior August 14 (4): 932-941.

Nicholas, R. 2010. “HIV Prevention for Young Women of Uganda Must Now Address Poverty and Gender Inequalities.” Journal of Health Organization and Management 24 (5): 491-497.

Nichols, B. E., Sigaloff, K. C., Kityo, C., Mandaliya, K., Hamers, R. L., Bertagnolio, S., Jordan, M. R., Boucher, C. A., Rinke de Wit, T. F., & van de Vijver, D. A. 2014. Averted HIV infections due to expanded antiretroviral treatment eligibility offsets risk of transmitted drug resistance: a modeling study. AIDS, 28(1), 73-83. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000433239.01611.52

Nichols, B., C. Boucher, J. van Dijk, P. Thuma, J. Spurrier, J. Nouwen, and D. van de Vijver. 2012. “Comparison of Infetions Averted and Cost Effectiveness of Treatment as Prevention and PrEP on the HIV-1 Epidemic: Macha, Zambia.” Poster Abstract 1080. 19th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. Seattle, Washington. March 5-8.

Nicholson, L., Chisenga, M., Siame, J., Kasonka, L., and Filteau, S. (2015). Growth and health outcomes at school age in HIV-exposed, uninfected Zambian children: follow-up of two cohorts studied in infancy. BMC Pediatrics, 15: 66. doi:10.1186/s12887-015-0386-8

Nieburg, P. and L. Carty. 2011. HIV Prevention among Injection Drug Users in Kenya and Tanzania: New Opportunities for Progress. Washington, DC: Center for Strategic & International Studies.

Nielsen-Bobbit, J., K. Nassor, W. Motta, M. Pavin, R. Killian, F. Mwanga and P. Perchal. 2011. “Striving towards a ‘One Stop Shop:’ Assessing Integration of FP and HIV Services in Tanzania.” Abstract 513. International Family Planning Conference. Dakar, Senegal. November 29 – December 2.

Nielsen-Saines, K., M. Melo, I. Varella, R. Fonseca, R. Lira, M. Turella, I. Canti, C. Campello, A. Moreira and B. Santos. 2008. “Primary HIV-1 Infection during Pregnancy: High Rate of HIV-1 MTCT in a Cohort of Patients in Southern Brazil.” Retrovirology 5 (Supplement 1): OI.

Nielsen-Saines, K., Watts, H. D., Veloso, V. G., Bryson, Y., Joao, E., Pilotto, J., Gray, G., Theron, G., Santos, B., Fonseca, R., Kreitchmann, R., Pinto, J., Mussi-Pinhata, M. M., Ceriotto, M., Machado, D., Bethel, J., Moregado, M. G., Dickover, R., Camarca, M., and Mirochnick, M. (2012). Three postpartum antiretroviral regimens to prevent intrapartum HIV infection. New England Journal Of Medicine, 366(25): 2368-2379.

Nissapatorn, V., I. Kuppusamy, B. Sim, Q. Kia Fatt and A. Khairul Anuar. 2006. “Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Hospital Setting: Gender Differences.” Journal of the Royal Institute of Public Health 120: 441-443.

Nixon, S. A., Cameron, C., Hanass-Hancock, J., Simwaba, P., Solomon, P. E., Bond, V. A., Menon, A., Richardson, E., Stevens, M., & Zack, E. 2014. Perceptions of HIV-related health services in Zambia for people with disabilities who are HIV-positive. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 17, 18806. doi: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.18806

Njeuhmeli, E., K. Hatzold, E. Gold, H. Mahler, K. Kripke, K. Siefert-Ahanda, D. Castro, W. Mavhu, O. Mugurunti, G. Ncube, S. Koshuma, S. Sgaier, S. Conly and S. Kasedde. 2014. “Lessons Learned from Scale up of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision Focusing on Adolescents: Benefits, Challenges and Potential Opportunities for Linkages with Adolescent HIV, Sexual and Reproductive Health Services.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 66 (Supplement 2): S193-S199.

Njeuhmeli, E., S. Forsythe, J. Reed, M. Opuni, L. Bollinger, N. Heard, D. Castor, J. Stover, T. Farley, V. Menon, and C. Hankins, 2011. “Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Modeling the Impact and Cost of Expanding Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Eastern and Southern Africa.” PLoS Med 8 (11): 1-15.

Njoroge, K., P. Olsson, A. Pertet and B. Ahlberg. 2010. “Voices Unheard: Youth and Sexuality in the Wake of HIV Prevention in Kenya.” Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare 1 (4): 143-148.

Njozing, N., K. Edin and A. Hurtig. 2010. “‘When I Get Better I Will Do the Test’: Facilitators and Barriers to HIV Testing in Northwest Region of Cameroon with Implication for TB and HIV/AIDS Control Programmes.” Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance 7 (4): 24-32.

Njue, C., C. Nzioka, B. Ahlberg, A. Pertet and H. Voeten. 2009. “‘If You Don’t Abstain, You Will Die of AIDS’: AIDS Education in Kenyan Public Schools.” AIDS Education and Prevention 21 (2): 169-179.

Nkala, B., Khunwane, M., Dietrich, J., Otwombe, K., et al. 2015. "Kganya Motsha Adolescent Centre: a model for adolescent friendly HIV management and reproductive health for adolescents in Soweto, South Africa." AIDS Care 27 (6): 697-702.

Nlend, A. and B. Ekani. 2010. “Preliminary Assessment of Breastfeeding Practices in HIV 1-Infected Mothers (Prior to Weaning) Under the Djoungolo Programme on the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV.” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 56 (6): 436-439.

Nobelius, A., B. Kalina, R. Pool, J. Whitworth, J. Chesters and R. Power. 2010a. “‘You Still Need to Give Her a Token of Appreciation’: The Meaning of the Exchange of Money in the Sexual Relationships of Out-of-School Adolescents in Rural Southwest Uganda.” Journal of Sex Research 47 (5): 490-503.

Nobelius, A., B. Kalina, R. Pool, J. Whitworth, J. Chesters and R. Power. 2010b. “Delaying Sexual Debut amongst Out-of-School Youth in Rural Southwest Uganda.” Culture, Health & Sexuality 12 (6): 663-676.

Nobelius, A., B. Kalina, R. Pool, J. Whitworth, J. Chesters and R. Power. 2011. "Sexual Partner Types and Related Sexual Health Risk among Out-of-School Adolescents in Rural South-west Uganda." AIDS Care 23 (2): 252-259.

Nobelius, A.M., Kalina, B., Pool, R., Whitworth, J., et al. 2012. "'The young ones are the condom generation': condom use amongst out-of-school adolescents in rural southwest Uganda." Journal of Sex Research 49 (1): 88-102.

Noden, B., A. Gomes and A. Ferreira. 2009. “AIDS-related Knowledge and Sexual Behaviour among Married and Previously Married Persons in Rural Central Mozambique.” Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance 6 (3): 134-144.

Noden, B., A. Gomes and A. Ferreira. 2010. “Influence of Religious Affiliation and Education on HIV Knowledge and HIV-related Sexual Behaviors among Unmarried Youth in Rural Central Mozambique.” AIDS Care 22 (10): 1285-1294.

Noel, F., S. Mehta, Y. Zhu, P. Rouzier, A. Marcelin, J. Shi, C. Nolte, L. Severe, M. Deschamps, D. Fitzgerald, W. Johnson, P. Wright and J. Pape. 2008. “Improving Outcomes in Infants of HIV-infected Women in a Developing Country Setting.” PLoS One 3 (11): e3723.

Nolan, S., & Wood, E. 2014. End of the debate about antiretroviral treatment initiation. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 14(4), 258-259. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(13)70329-3

Norman, A., M. Chopra and S. Kadiyala. 2007. “Factors Related to HIV Disclosure in 2 South African Communities.” American Journal of Public Health 97 (10): 1775-1781.

Norr, K., B. McElmurray, S. Tlou and M. Moeti. 2004. “Impact of Peer Group Education on HIV Prevention among Women in Botswana.” Health Care for Women International 25: 210-226.

Nour, N. 2006. “Health Consequences of Child Marriage in Africa.” Emerging Infectious Diseases 12 (11): 1644-1649.

Novitksy, V., R. Wang, H. Busman, S. Lockman, M. Baum, R. Shapiro, I. Thior, C. Wester, C. Wester, A. Ogwu, A. Asmelash, R. Musonda, A. Campa, S. Moyo, E. van Widenfelt, M. Mine, C. Moffat, M. Mmalane, J. Makhema, R. Marlink, P. Gilbert, G. Seage III, V. DeGruttola and M. Essex. 2010. “HIV-1 Subtype C-infected Individuals Maintaining High Viral Load as Potential Targets for the ‘Test–and-Treat’ Approach to Reduce HIV Transmission.” PLos ONE 5 (4): e10148.

Nozyce, M. L., Huo, Y., Williams, P. L., Kapetanovic, S., Hazra, R., Nichols, S., Hunter, S., Smith, R., Searge, G. R. III and Sirois, P. A. (2014). Safety of in utero and neonatal antiretroviral exposure: cognitive and academic outcomes in HIV-exposed, uninfected children 5-13 years of age. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 33(11): 1128-1133. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000000410

Nsigaye, R., A. Wringe, M. Roura, S. Kalluvya, M. Urassa, J. Busza and B. Zaba. 2009. “From HIV Diagnosis to Treatment: Evaluation of a Referral System to Promote and Monitor Access to Antiretroviral Therapy in Rural Tanzania.” Journal of the International AIDS Society 12: 31.

Ntanda, H., P. Olupot-Olupot, P. Mugyenyi, C. Kityo, R. Lowes, C. Cooper, V. Lima and E. Mills. 2009. “Orphanhood Predicts Delayed Access to Care in Ugandan Children.” Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 28 (2): 153- 155.

Nunes, A., I. Melo, A. Silva, L. Rezende, P. Guimaraes and M. Silva-Vergara. 2010. “Hospitalization for HIV/AIDS: Differences between Sexes.” Gender Medicine 7 (1): 28-38.

Nussenblatt, V., N. Kumwenda, V. Lema, T. Quinn, M. Neville, R. Broadhead, T. Taha and R. Semba. 2006. “Effect of Antibiotic Treatment of Subclinical Mastitis on Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 RNA in Human Milk.” Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 52 (5): 311-315.

Nuwaha, F., E. Tumwesigye, S. Kasasa, S. Asiimwe,, G. Wana, M. Achom, D. Kabatesi, S. Malamba, J. Tappero and S. Gupta. 2009. “Population-level Changes of HIV Status, Stigma and HIV Risk Behavior after District-wide Door-to-Door Voluntary Counseling and Testing: Bushenyi District, Uganda.” 16thConference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections.Montreal, Canada.

Nyamathi, A., Hanson, A. Y., Salem, B. E., Sinha, S., Ganguly, K. K., Leake, B., Yadav, K., & Marfisee, M. 2012. Impact of a rural village women (Asha) intervention on adherence to antiretroviral therapy in southern India. Nursing Research, 61(5), 353-362. doi: 10.1097/NNR.0b013e31825fe3ef

Nyamathi, A., S. Sinha, K. Ganguly, R. William, A. Heravian, P. Ramakrishnan, B. Greengold, M. Ekstrand and P. Rama Rao. 2011. “Challenges Experiences by Rural Women in India Living with AIDS and Implications for the Delivery of HIV/AIDS Care.” Health Care for Women International 32: 300-313.

Nyamayemombe, C., V. Mishra, S. Rusakaniko, C. Benedikt, M. Gwazane and P. Mukweza. 2010. The Association between Violence against Women and HIV: Evidence from a National Population-based Survey in Zimbabwe. Harare, Zimbabwe: UNFPA and ICF Macro.

Nyamhanga, T. M., Muhondwa, E. P., & Shayo, R. 2013. Masculine attitudes of superiority deter men from accessing antiretroviral therapy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Global Health Action, 6, 21812. doi: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.21812

Nyamukapa A., S. Gregson, B. Lopman, S. Saito, H. Watts, R. Monasch and M. Jukes. 2008. “HIV-Associated Orphanhood and Children’s Psychosocial Distress: Theoretical Framework Tested With Data From Zimbabwe.” American Journal of Health 98 (1): 133–141.

Nyamukapa A., S. Gregson, M. Wambe, P. Mushore, B. Lopman, Z. Mupambireyi, K. Nhongo and M. Jukes. 2010. “Causes and Consequences of Psychological Distress among Orphans in Eastern Zimbabwe.” AIDS Care 22 (8): 988-996.

Nyamukapa, C. and S. Gregson. 2005. “Extended Family’s and Women’s Role in Safeguarding Orphans’ Education in AIDS-Afflicted Rural Zimbabwe.” Social Science & Medicine 60: 2155 – 2167.

Nyandiko, W. M., Ayaya, S., Nabakwe, E., Tenge, C., Sidle, J. E., Yiannoutsos, C. T., Musick, B., Wools-Kaloustian, K., & Tierney, W. M. 2006. Outcomes of HIV-infected orphaned and non-orphaned children on antiretroviral therapy in western Kenya. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 43(4), 418-425. doi: 10.1097/01.qai.0000243122.52282.89

Nyandiko, W., S. Ayaya, E. Nabakwe, C. Tenge, J. Sidle, C. Yiannoutsos, B. Musick, K. Wools-Kaloustian and W. Tierney. 2006. “Outcomes of HIV-Infected Orphaned and Non-Orphaned Children on Antiretroviral Therapy in Western Kenya.” Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 43 (4): 418-425.

Nyangara, F., T. Thurman, P. Hutchinson, and W. Obiero. 2009b. Effects of Programs Supporting Orphans and Vulnerable Children: Key Findings, Emerging Issues, and Future Directions from Evaluations of Four Projects in Kenya and Tanzania. Chapel Hill, NC: MEASURE Evaluation.

Nyangara, F., W. Obiero, Z. Kalungwa, and T. Thurman. 2009a. Community-Based Psychosocial Intervention for HIV-Affected Children and their Caregivers: Evaluation of The Salvation Army’s Mama Mkubwa Program in Tanzania. Chapel Hill, NC: MEASURE Evaluation.

Nyanzi, S., R. Pool and J. Kinsman. 2001. “The Negotiation of Sexual Relationships among School Pupils in South-western Uganda.” AIDS Care 13 (1): 83-98.

Nyanzi-Wakholi, B., A. Lara, C. Watera, P. Munderi, C. Gilks and H. Grosskurth. 2009. “The Role of HIV Testing, Counselling and Treatment in Coping with HIV/AIDS in Uganda: A Qualitative Analysis.” AIDS Care 21 (7): 903-908.

Nyblade, L. 2009. “Communities Confront Stigma in Viet Nam.” Presentation. April 30. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.

Nyblade, L., A. Stngl, E. Weiss and K. Ashburn. 2009. “Combating HIV Stigma in Health Care Settings: What Works?” Journal of International AIDS Society 12: 15.

Nyblade, L., K. Hong, N. Anh, J. Ogden, A. Jain, A. Stangl, Z. Douglas, N. Tao and K. Ashburn. 2008. Communities Confront HIV Stigma in Viet Nam: Participatory Interventions Reduce HIV-Related Stigma in Two Provinces. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.

Nyblade, L., R. Pande, S. Mathur, K. McQuarrie, R. Kidd, H. Banteyerga, A. Kidanu, G. Kilonzo, J. Mwambo and V. Bond. 2003. Disentangling HIV and AIDS Stigma in Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.

Nyiraneza, F., N. Muganinka, J. Mkamusomi and A. Mutesi. 2008. “A Peer-based Model for Counseling HIV-positive Women in the Aftermath of the Rwandan Genocide.” Abstract THAX0106. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nyirenda, L., P. Nkonjera and B. Simwaka. 2008. “’You Must Openly Disclosre Your HIV Serostatus or You Won’t Benefit from Community Home-based Care Services’: Leaving Out the Fearful from Care and Support.” Abstract THPE0698. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nyombi, J., H. Birungi and J. Mugisha. 2008. “Sexual Behavior and Practices among Perintally HIV-infected Adolescents in Uganda: Implications for Programming.” Abstract MOAD01. XVII International AIDS Conference. Mexico City, Mexico. August 3-8.

Nyondo, A. L., Choko, A. T., Chimwaza, A. F., and Muula, A. S. (2015). Invitation cards during pregnancy enhance male partner involvement in prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Blantyre, Malawi: a randomized controlled open label trial. Plos One, 10(3): e0119273. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0119273

Nyong’o, D. and O. Ongalo. 2005. From Despair to Hope: Women’s Right to Own and Inherit Property.Nairobi, Kenya: POLICY Project and Kenya National Commission on Human Rights.